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Part 22 - Application of Labor Laws to Government Acquisitions

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Part 22 - Application of Labor Laws to Government Acquisitions

Part 22 - Application of Labor Laws to Government Acquisitions

      22.000 Scope of part.

      22.001 Definitions.

      Subpart 22.1 - Basic Labor Policies

           22.101 Labor relations.

                22.101-1 General.

                22.101-2 Contract pricing and administration.

                22.101-3 Reporting labor disputes.

                22.101-4 Removal of items from contractors’ facilities affected by work stoppages.

           22.102 Federal and State labor requirements.

                22.102-1 Policy.

                22.102-2 Administration.

           22.103 Overtime.

                22.103-1 Definition.

                22.103-2 Policy.

                22.103-3 Procedures.

                22.103-4 Approvals.

                22.103-5 Contract clauses.

      Subpart 22.2 - Convict Labor

           22.201 General.

           22.202 Contract clause.

      Subpart 22.3 - Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act

           22.300 Scope of subpart.

           22.301 Statutory requirement.

           22.302 Liquidated damages and overtime pay.

           22.303 Administration and enforcement.

           22.304 Variations, tolerances, and exemptions.

           22.305 Contract clause.

      Subpart 22.4 - Labor Standards for Contracts Involving Construction

           22.400 Scope of subpart.

           22.401 Definitions.

           22.402 Applicability.

           22.403 Statutory, Executive Order, and regulatory requirements.

                22.403-1 Construction Wage Rate Requirements statute.

                22.403-2 Copeland Act.

                22.403-3 Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards.

                22.403-4 Executive Order 13658.

                22.403-5 Executive Order 13706.

                22.403-6 Department of Labor regulations involving construction.

           22.404 Construction Wage Rate Requirements statute wage determinations.

                22.404-1 Types of wage determinations.

                22.404-2 General requirements.

                22.404-3 Procedures for requesting wage determinations.

                22.404-4 Solicitations issued without wage determinations for the primary site of the work.

                22.404-5 Expiration of project wage determinations.

                22.404-6 Modifications of wage determinations.

                22.404-7 Correction of wage determinations containing clerical errors.

                22.404-8 Notification of improper wage determination before award.

                22.404-9 Award of contract without required wage determination.

                22.404-10 Posting wage determinations and notice.

                22.404-11 Wage determination appeals.

                22.404-12 Labor standards for contracts containing construction requirements and option provisions that extend the term of the contract.

           22.405 [Reserved]

           22.406 Administration and enforcement.

                22.406-1 Policy.

                22.406-2 Wages, fringe benefits, and overtime.

                22.406-3 Additional classifications.

                22.406-4 Apprentices and trainees.

                22.406-5 Subcontracts.

                22.406-6 Payrolls and statements.

                22.406-7 Compliance checking.

                22.406-8 Investigations.

                22.406-9 Withholding from or suspension of contract payments.

                22.406-10 Disposition of disputes concerning construction contract labor standards enforcement.

                22.406-11 Contract terminations.

                22.406-12 Cooperation with the Department of Labor.

                22.406-13 Semiannual enforcement reports.

           22.407 Solicitation provision and contract clauses.

      Subpart 22.5 - Use of Project Labor Agreements for Federal Construction Projects

           22.501 Scope of subpart.

           22.502 Definitions.

           22.503 Policy.

           22.504 General requirements for project labor agreements.

           22.505 Solicitation provision and contract clause.

      Subpart 22.6 - Contracts for Materials, Supplies, Articles, and Equipment

           22.601 [Reserved]

           22.602 Statutory requirements.

           22.603 Applicability.

           22.604 Exemptions.

                22.604-1 Statutory exemptions.

                22.604-2 Regulatory exemptions.

           22.605 Rulings and interpretations of the statute.

           22.606 [Reserved]

           22.607 [Reserved]

           22.608 Procedures.

           22.609 [Reserved]

           22.610 Contract clause.

      Subpart 22.7 - [Reserved]

      Subpart 22.8 - Equal Employment Opportunity

           22.800 Scope of subpart.

           22.801 Definitions.

           22.802 General.

           22.803 Responsibilities.

           22.804 Affirmative action programs.

                22.804-1 Nonconstruction.

                22.804-2 Construction.

           22.805 Procedures.

           22.806 Inquiries.

           22.807 Exemptions.

           22.808 Complaints.

           22.809 Enforcement.

           22.810 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

      Subpart 22.9 - Nondiscrimination Because of Age

           22.901 Policy.

           22.902 Handling complaints.

      Subpart 22.10 - Service Contract Labor Standards

           22.1000 Scope of subpart.

           22.1001 Definitions.

           22.1002 Statutory and Executive order requirements.

                22.1002-1 General.

                22.1002-2 Wage determinations based on prevailing rates.

                22.1002-3 Wage determinations based on collective bargaining agreements.

                22.1002-4 Application of the Fair Labor Standards Act minimum wage.

                22.1002-5 Executive Order 13658.

                22.1002-6 Executive Order 13706.

           22.1003 Applicability.

                22.1003-1 General.

                22.1003-2 Geographical coverage of the Act.

                22.1003-3 Statutory exemptions.

                22.1003-4 Administrative limitations, variations, tolerances, and exemptions.

                22.1003-5 Some examples of contracts covered.

                22.1003-6 Repair distinguished from remanufacturing of equipment.

                22.1003-7 Questions concerning applicability of the Service Contract Labor Standards statute.

           22.1004 Department of Labor responsibilities and regulations.

           22.1005 [Reserved]

           22.1006 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

           22.1007 Requirement to obtain wage determinations.

           22.1008 Procedures for obtaining wage determinations.

                22.1008-1 Obtaining wage determinations.

                22.1008-2 Successorship with incumbent contractor collective bargaining agreement.

           22.1009 Place of performance unknown.

                22.1009-1 General.

                22.1009-2 Attempt to identify possible places of performance.

                22.1009-3 All possible places of performance identified.

                22.1009-4 All possible places of performance not identified.

           22.1010 Notification to interested parties under collective bargaining agreements.

           22.1011 [Reserved]

           22.1012 Applicability of revisions to wage determinations.

                22.1012-1 Prevailing wage determinations.

                22.1012-2 Wage determinations based on collective bargaining agreements.

           22.1013 Review of wage determination.

           22.1014 Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work.

           22.1015 Discovery of errors by the Department of Labor.

           22.1016 Statement of equivalent rates for Federal hires.

           22.1017 [Reserved]

           22.1018 Notification to contractors and employees.

           22.1019 Additional classes of service employees.

           22.1020 Seniority lists.

           22.1021 Request for hearing.

           22.1022 Withholding of contract payments.

           22.1023 Termination for default.

           22.1024 Cooperation with the Department of Labor.

           22.1025 Ineligibility of violators.

           22.1026 Disputes concerning labor standards.

      Subpart 22.11 - Professional Employee Compensation

           22.1101 Applicability.

           22.1102 Definition.

           22.1103 Policy, procedures, and solicitation provision.

      Subpart 22.12 - [Reserved]

      Subpart 22.13 - Equal Opportunity for Veterans

           22.1300 Scope of subpart.

           22.1301 Definitions.

           22.1302 Policy.

           22.1303 Applicability.

           22.1304 Procedures.

           22.1305 Waivers.

           22.1306 Department of Labor notices and reports.

           22.1307 Collective bargaining agreements.

           22.1308 Complaint procedures.

           22.1309 Actions because of noncompliance.

           22.1310 Solicitation provision and contract clauses.

      Subpart 22.14 - Employment of Workers with Disabilities

           22.1400 Scope of subpart.

           22.1401 Policy.

           22.1402 Applicability.

           22.1403 Waivers.

           22.1404 Department of Labor notices.

           22.1405 Collective bargaining agreements.

           22.1406 Complaint procedures.

           22.1407 Actions because of noncompliance.

           22.1408 Contract clause.

      Subpart 22.15 - Prohibition of Acquisition of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor

           22.1500 Scope.

           22.1501 Definitions.

           22.1502 Policy.

           22.1503 Procedures for acquiring end products on the List of Products Requiring Contractor Certification as to Forced or Indentured Child Labor.

           22.1504 Violations and remedies.

           22.1505 Solicitation provision and contract clause.

      Subpart 22.16 - Notification of Employee Rights Under the National Labor Relations Act

           22.1600 Scope of subpart.

           22.1601 Definitions.

           22.1602 Policy.

           22.1603 Exceptions.

           22.1604 Compliance evaluation and complaint investigations and sanctions for violations.

           22.1605 Contract clause.

      Subpart 22.17 - Combating Trafficking in Persons

           22.1700 Scope of subpart.

           22.1701 Applicability.

           22.1702 Definitions.

           22.1703 Policy.

           22.1704 Violations and remedies.

           22.1705 Solicitation provision and contract clause.

      Subpart 22.18 - Employment Eligibility Verification

           22.1800 Scope.

           22.1801 Definitions.

           22.1802 Policy.

           22.1803 Contract clause.

      Subpart 22.19 - Establishing a Minimum Wage for Contractors

           22.1900 Scope of subpart.

           22.1901 Definitions.

           22.1902 Policy.

           22.1903 Applicability.

           22.1904 Annual Executive Order Minimum Wage Rate.

           22.1905 Enforcement of Executive Order Minimum Wage Requirements.

           22.1906 Contract clause.

      Subpart 22.20 - [Reserved]

      Subpart 22.21 - Establishing Paid Sick Leave For Federal Contractors

           22.2100 Scope of subpart.

           22.2101 Definitions.

           22.2102 Policy.

           22.2103 Applicability.

           22.2104 Exclusions.

           22.2105 Paid sick leave for Federal contractors and subcontractors.

           22.2106 Prohibited acts.

           22.2107 Waiver of rights.

           22.2108 Multiemployer plans or other funds, plans, or programs.

           22.2109 Enforcement of Executive Order 13706 paid sick leave requirements.

           22.2110 Contract clause.


22.000 Scope of part.

This part-

      (a) Deals with general policies regarding contractor labor relations as they pertain to the acquisition process;

      (b) Prescribes Contracting policy and procedures for implementing pertinent labor laws; and

      (c) Prescribes contract clauses with respect to each pertinent labor law.


22.001 Definitions.

Administrator or "Administrator, Wage and Hour Division," as used in this part, means the—

     Administrator

     Wage and Hour Division

     U.S. Department of Labor

     Washington, DC 20210

     or an authorized representative.

Agency labor advisor means an individual responsible for advising Contracting agency officials on Federal contract labor matters.

e98 means the Department of Labor’s approved electronic application ( http://www.wdol.gov), whereby a contracting officer submits pertinent information to the Department of Labor and requests a Service Contract Labor Standards statute wage determination directly from the Wage and Hour Division.

Service Contract means any Government contract, or subcontract thereunder, the principal purpose of which is to furnish services in the United States through the use of service employees, except as exempted by 41 U.S.C. chapter 67, Service Contract Labor Standards; see 22.1003-3 and 22.1003-4). See 22.1003-5 and 29 CFR 4.130 for a partial list of services covered by the Service Contract Labor Standards statute.

Service employee means any person engaged in the performance of a Service Contract other than any person employed in a bona fide executive, administrative, or professional capacity, as those terms are defined in 29 CFR part 541. The term "Service employee" includes all such persons regardless of any contractual relationship that may be alleged to exist between a contractor or subcontractor and such persons.

Wage Determinations OnLine (WDOL) means the Government Internet website for both construction Wage Rate Requirements statute and Service Contract Labor Standards statute wage determinations available at http://www.wdol.gov.


Subpart 22.1 - Basic Labor Policies


22.101 Labor relations.


22.101-1 General.

      (a) Agencies shall maintain sound relations with industry and labor to ensure (1) prompt receipt of information involving labor relations that may adversely affect the Government acquisition process and (2) that the Government obtains needed supplies and services without delay. All matters regarding labor relations shall be handled in accordance with agency procedures.

      (b)

(1) Agencies shall remain impartial concerning any dispute between labor and contractor management and not undertake the conciliation, mediation, or arbitration of a labor dispute. To the extent practicable, agencies should ensure that the parties to the dispute use all available methods for resolving the dispute, including the services of the National Labor Relations Board, Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, the National Mediation Board and other appropriate Federal, State, local, or private agencies.

           (2) For use of project labor agreements, see subpart 22.5.

      (c) Agencies should, when practicable, exchange information concerning labor matters with other affected agencies to ensure a uniform Government approach concerning a particular plant or labor-management dispute.

      (d) Agencies should take other actions concerning labor relations problems to the extent consistent with their acquisition responsibilities. For example, agencies should-

           (1) Notify the agency responsible for conciliation, mediation, arbitration, or other related action of the existence of any labor dispute affecting or threatening to affect agency acquisition programs;

           (2) Furnish to the parties to a dispute factual information pertinent to the dispute’s potential or actual adverse impact on these programs, to the extent consistent with security regulations; and

           (3) Seek a voluntary agreement between management and labor, notwithstanding the continuance of the dispute, to permit uninterrupted acquisition of supplies and services. This shall only be done, however, if the attempt to obtain voluntary agreement does not involve the agency in the merits of the dispute and only after consultation with the agency responsible for conciliation, mediation, arbitration, or other related action.

      (e) The head of the contracting activity may designate programs or requirements for which it is necessary that contractors be required to notify the Government of actual or potential labor disputes that are delaying or threaten to delay the timely contract performance (see 22.103-5(a)).


22.101-2 Contract pricing and administration.

      (a) Contractor labor policies and compensation practices, whether or not included in labor-management agreements, are not acceptable bases for allowing costs in cost-reimbursement contracts or for recognition of costs in Pricing fixed-price contracts if they result in unreasonable costs to the Government. For a discussion of allowable costs resulting from labor-management agreements, see 31.205-6(b).

      (b) Labor disputes may cause work stoppages that delay the performance of Government contracts. Contracting officers shall impress upon contractors that each contractor shall be held accountable for reasonably avoidable delays. Standard contract clauses dealing with default, excusable delays, etc., do not relieve contractors or subcontractors from the responsibility for delays that are within the contractors’ or their subcontractors’ control. A delay caused by a strike that the contractor or subcontractor could not reasonably prevent can be excused; however, it cannot be excused beyond the point at which a reasonably diligent contractor or subcontractor could have acted to end the strike by actions such as-

           (1) Filing a charge with the National Labor Relations Board to permit the Board to seek injunctive relief in court;

           (2) Using other available Government procedures; and

           (3) Using private boards or organizations to settle disputes.

      (c) Strikes normally result in changing patterns of cost incurrence and therefore may have an impact on the allowability of costs for cost-reimbursement contracts or for recognition of costs in Pricing fixed-price contracts. Certain costs may increase because of strikes; e.g., guard services and attorney’s fees. Other costs incurred during a strike may not fluctuate (e.g.,"fixed costs" such as rent and depreciation), but because of reduced production, their proportion of the unit cost of items produced increases. All costs incurred during strikes shall be carefully examined to ensure recognition of only those costs necessary for performing the contract in accordance with the Government’s essential interest.

      (d) If, during a labor dispute, the inspectors’ safety is not endangered, the normal functions of inspection at the plant of a Government contractor shall be continued without regard to the existence of a labor dispute, strike, or picket line.


22.101-3 Reporting labor disputes.

The office administering the contract shall report, in accordance with agency procedures, any potential or actual labor disputes that may interfere with performing any contracts under its cognizance. If a contract contains the clause at 52.222-1, Notice to the Government of Labor Disputes, the contractor also must report any actual or potential dispute that may delay contract performance.


22.101-4 Removal of items from contractors’ facilities affected by work stoppages.

      (a) Items shall be removed from contractors’ facilities affected by work stoppages in accordance with agency procedures. Agency procedures should allow for the following:

           (1) Determine whether removal of items is in the Government’s interest. Normally the determining factor is the critical needs of an agency program.

           (2) Attempt to arrange with the contractor and the union representative involved their approval of the shipment of urgently required items.

           (3) Obtain appropriate approvals from within the agency.

           (4) Determine who will remove the items from the plant(s) involved.

      (b) Avoid the use or appearance of force and prevent incidents that might detrimentally affect labor-management relations.

      (c) When two or more agencies’ requirements are or may become involved in the removal of items, the contract administration office shall ensure that the necessary coordination is accomplished.


22.102 Federal and State labor requirements.


22.102-1 Policy.

Agencies shall cooperate, and encourage contractors to cooperate with Federal and State agencies responsible for enforcing labor requirements such as-

      (a) Safety;

      (b) Health and sanitation;

      (c) Maximum hours and minimum wages;

      (d) Equal employment opportunity;

      (e) Child and convict labor;

      (f) Age discrimination;

      (g) Disabled and Vietnam veteran employment;

      (h) Employment of workers with disabilities; and

      (i) Eligibility for employment under United States immigration laws.


22.102-2 Administration.

      (a) Agencies shall cooperate with, and encourage contractors to use to the fullest extent practicable, the DOL Employment and Training Administration (DOLETA) at http://www.doleta.gov, and its affiliated local offices in meeting contractors' labor requirements. These requirements may be to staff new or expanding plant facilities, including requirements for workers in all occupations and skills from local labor market areas or through the Federal-State employment clearance system.

      (b) Local State employment offices are operated throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In addition to providing recruitment assistance to contractors, cooperation with the local State Employment Service offices will further the national program of maintaining continuous assessment of manpower requirements and resources on a national and local basis.

      (c)

(1) The U.S. Department of Labor is responsible for the administration and enforcement of the Occupational Safety and Health Act. The Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division is responsible for administration and enforcement of numerous wage and hour statutes including-

                (i) 40 U.S.C. chapter 31, subchapter IV, Wage Rate Requirements (construction);

                (ii) 40 U.S.C. chapter 37, contract Work Hours and Safety Standards;

                (iii) The Copeland Act (18 U.S.C. 874 and 40 U.S.C. 3145);

                (iv) 41 U.S.C. chapter 65, Contracts for Materials, supplies, Articles, and Equipment Exceeding $10,000;

                (v) 41 U.S.C. chapter 67, Service Contract Labor Standards.

           (2) Contracting officers should contact the Wage and Hour Division’s regional offices when required by the subparts relating to these statutes unless otherwise specified. Addresses for these offices may be found at 29 CFR 1, Appendix B.

           (3) DOL’s administration and enforcement authorities under the statutes and under the Executive orders implemented in this part do not limit the authority of Contracting officers to administer and enforce the terms and conditions of agency contracts. However, DOL has regulatory authority to require Contracting agencies to change contract terms to include missing contract clauses or wage determinations tha tare required by the FAR, or to withhold contract amounts (see, e.g., 22.1015, 22.1022).


22.103 Overtime.


22.103-1 Definition.

Normal workweek, as used in this subpart, means, generally, a workweek of 40 hours. Outside the United States and its outlying areas, a workweek longer than 40 hours is considered normal if-

           (1) The workweek does not exceed the norm for the area, as determined by local custom, tradition, or law; and

           (2) The hours worked in excess of 40 in the workweek are not compensated at a premium rate of pay.


22.103-2 Policy.

Contractors shall perform all contracts, so far as practicable, without using Overtime, particularly as a regular employment practice, except when lower overall costs to the Government will result or when it is necessary to meet urgent program needs. Any approved Overtime, extra-pay shifts, and multishifts should be scheduled to achieve these objectives.


22.103-3 Procedures.

      (a) Solicitations normally shall not specify delivery or performance schedules that may require Overtime at Government expense.

      (b) In negotiating contracts, Contracting officers should, consistent with the Government’s needs, attempt to-

           (1) Ascertain the extent that offers are based on the payment of Overtime and shift premiums; and

           (2) Negotiate contract prices or estimated costs without these premiums or obtain the requirement from other sources.

      (c) When it becomes apparent during negotiations of applicable contracts (see 22.103-5(b)) that Overtime will be required in contract performance, the contracting officer shall secure from the contractor a request for all Overtime to be used during the life of the contract, to the extent that the Overtime can be estimated with reasonable certainty. The contractor’s request shall contain the information required by paragraph (b) of the clause at 52.222-2, Payment for Overtime Premiums.


22.103-4 Approvals.

      (a) The contracting officer shall review the contractor’s request for Overtime. Approval of the use of Overtime may be granted by an agency approving official after determining in writing that Overtime is necessary to-

           (1) Meet essential delivery or performance schedules;

           (2) Make up for delays beyond the control and without the fault or negligence of the contractor; or

           (3) Eliminate foreseeable extended production bottlenecks that cannot be eliminated in any other way.

      (b) Approval by the designated official of use and total dollar amount of Overtime is required before inclusion of an amount in paragraph (a) of the clause at 52.222-2, Payment for Overtime Premiums.

      (c) contracting officer approval of payment of Overtime premiums is required for time-and-materials and labor-hour contracts (see paragraph (a)(8) of the clause at 52.232-7, Payments Under Time-and-Materials and Labor-Hour Contracts).

      (d) No approvals are required for paying Overtime premiums under other types of contracts.

      (e) Approvals by the agency approving official (see 22.103-4(a)) may be for an individual contract, project, program, plant, division, or company, as practical.

      (f) During contract performance, contractor requests for Overtime exceeding the amount authorized by paragraph (a) of the clause at 52.222-2, Payment for Overtime Premiums, shall be submitted as stated in paragraph (b) of the clause to the office administering the contract. That office will review the request and if it approves, send the request to the contracting officer. If the contracting officer determines that the requested Overtime should be approved in whole or in part, the contracting officer shall request the approval of the agency’s designated approving official and modify paragraph (a) of the clause to reflect any approval.

      (g) Overtime premiums at Government expense should not be approved when the contractor is already obligated, without the right to additional compensation, to meet the required delivery date.

      (h) When the use of Overtime is authorized under a contract, the office administering the contract and the auditor should periodically review the use of Overtime to ensure that it is allowable in accordance with the criteria in part  31. Only Overtime premiums for work in those departments, sections, etc., of the contractor’s plant that have been individually evaluated and the necessity for Overtime confirmed shall be considered for approval.

      (i) Approvals for using Overtime shall ordinarily be prospective, but, if justified by emergency circumstances, approvals may be retroactive.


22.103-5 Contract clauses.

      (a) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.222-1, Notice to the Government of Labor Disputes, in solicitations and contracts that involve programs or requirements that have been designated under 22.101-1(e).

      (b) The contracting officer shall include the clause at 52.222-2, Payment for Overtime Premiums, in solicitations and contracts when a cost-reimbursement contract is contemplated and the contract amount is expected to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold; unless-

           (1) A cost-reimbursement contract for operation of vessels is contemplated; or

           (2) A cost-plus- incentive-fee contract that will provide a swing from the target fee of at least plus or minus 3 percent and a contractor’s share of at least 10 percent is contemplated.


Subpart 22.2 - Convict Labor


22.201 General.

      (a) Executive Order11755, December 29,1973, as amended by Executive Order12608, September 9,1987, and Executive Order12943, December 13,1994, states: "The development of the occupational and educational skills of prison inmates is essential to their rehabilitation and to their ability to make an effective return to free society. Meaningful employment serves to develop those skills. It is also true, however, that care must be exercised to avoid either the exploitation of convict labor or any unfair competition between convict labor and free labor in the production of goods and services." The Executive order does not prohibit the contractor, in performing the contract, from employing-

           (1) Persons on parole or probation;

           (2) Persons who have been pardoned or who have served their terms;

           (3) Federal prisoners; or

           (4) Nonfederal prisoners authorized to work at paid employment in the community under the laws of a jurisdiction listed in the Executive order if-

                (i) The worker is paid or is in an approved work training program on a voluntary basis;

                (ii) Representatives of local union central bodies or similar labor union organizations have been consulted;

                (iii) Paid employment will not-

                     (A) Result in the displacement of employed workers;

                     (B) Be applied in skills, crafts, or trades in which there is a surplus of available gainful labor in the locality; or

                     (C) Impair existing contracts for services;

                (iv) The rates of pay and other conditions of employment will not be less than those for work of a similar nature in the locality where the work is being performed; and

                (v) The Attorney General of the United States has certified that the work-release laws or regulations of the jurisdiction involved are in conformity with the requirements of Executive Order11755, as amended.

      (b) Department of Justice regulations authorize the Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance to exercise the power and authority vested in the Attorney General by the Executive order to certify and to revoke the certification of work-release laws or regulations (see 28 CFR0.94-1(b)).


22.202 Contract clause.

Insert the clause at 52.222-3, Convict Labor, in solicitations and contracts above the micro-purchase threshold, when the contract will be performed in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, or the U.S. Virgin Islands; unless-

      (a) The contract will be subject to 41 U.S.C. chapter 65, (see subpart  22.6), which contains a separate prohibition against the employment of convict labor;

      (b) The supplies or services are to be purchased from Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (see subpart  8.6); or

      (c) The acquisition involves the purchase, from any State prison, of finished supplies that may be secured in the open market or from existing stocks, as distinguished from supplies requiring special fabrication.


Subpart 22.3 - Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act


22.300 Scope of subpart.

This subpart prescribes policies and procedures for applying the requirements of 40 U.S.C.chapter 37, contract Work Hours and Safety Standards (the statute) to contracts that may require or involve laborers or mechanics. In this subpart, the term "laborers or mechanics" includes apprentices, trainees, helpers, watchmen, guards, firefighters, fireguards, and workmen who perform services in connection with dredging or rock excavation in rivers or harbors, but does not include any employee employed as a seaman.


22.301 Statutory requirement.

The statute requires that certain contracts contain a clause specifying that no laborer or mechanic doing any part of the work contemplated by the contract shall be required or permitted to work more than 40 hours in any workweek unless paid for all such Overtime hours at not less than 1 1/2 times the basic rate of pay.


22.302 Liquidated damages and overtime pay.

      (a) When an Overtime computation discloses underpayments, the responsible contractor or subcontractor must pay the affected employee any unpaid wages and pay liquidated damages to the Government. The contracting officer must assess liquidated damages at the rate specified at 29 CFR 5.5(b)(2) per affected employee for each calendar day on which the employer required or permitted the employee to work in excess of the standard workweek of 40 hours without paying Overtime wages required by the statute. In accordance with the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (28 U.S.C. 2461 Note), the Department of Labor adjusts this civil monetary penalty for inflation no later than January 15 each year.

      (b) If the contractor or subcontractor fails or refuses to comply with Overtime pay requirements of the statute and the funds withheld by Federal agencies for labor standards violations do not cover the unpaid wages due laborers and mechanics and the liquidated damages due the Government, make payments in the following order—

           (1) Pay laborers and mechanics the wages they are owed (or prorate available funds if they do not cover the entire amount owed); and

           (2) Pay liquidated damages.

      (c) If the head of an agency finds that the administratively determined liquidated damages due under paragraph (a) of this section are incorrect, or that the contractor or subcontractor inadvertently violated the statute despite the exercise of due care, the agency head may-

           (1) Reduce the amount of liquidated damages assessed for liquidated damages of $500 or less;

           (2) Release the contractor or subcontractor from the liability for liquidated damages of $500 or less; or

           (3) Recommend that the Secretary of Labor reduce or waive liquidated damages over $500.

      (d) After the contracting officer determines the liquidated damages and the contractor makes appropriate payments, disburse any remaining assessments in accordance with agency procedures.


22.303 Administration and enforcement.

The procedures and reports required for construction contracts in subpart  22.4 also apply to investigations of alleged violations of the statute on other than construction contracts.


22.304 Variations, tolerances, and exemptions.

      (a) The Secretary of Labor, under 40 U.S.C.3706, upon the Secretary’s initiative or at the request of any Federal agency, may provide reasonable limitations and allow variations, tolerances, and exemptions to and from any or all provisions of the statute (see 29 CFR5.15).

      (b) The Secretary of Labor may make variations, tolerances, and exemptions from the regulatory requirements of applicable parts of 29 CFRwhen the Secretary finds that such action is necessary and proper in the public interest or to prevent injustice and undue hardship (see 29 CFR5.14).


22.305 Contract clause.

Insert the clause at 52.222-4, contract Work Hours and Safety Standards-Overtime Compensation, in solicitations and contracts (including, for this purpose, basic ordering agreements) when the contract may require or involve the employment of laborers or mechanics. However, do not include the clause in solicitations and contracts-

      (a) Valued at or below $150,000;

      (b) For commercial items;

      (c) For transportation or the transmission of intelligence;

      (d) To be performed outside the United States, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Johnston Island, Wake Island, and the outer Continental Shelf as defined in the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C.1331) (29 CFR5.15);

      (e) ) For work to be done solely in accordance with 41 U.S.C. chapter 65, (see subpart  22.6);

      (f) For supplies that include incidental services that do not require substantial employment of laborers or mechanics; or

      (g) Exempt under regulations of the Secretary of Labor (29 CFR5.15).


Subpart 22.4 - Labor Standards for Contracts Involving Construction


22.400 Scope of subpart.

This subpart implements the statutes which prescribe labor standards requirements for contracts in excess of $2,000 for construction, alteration, or repair, including painting and decorating, of public buildings and public works. (See definition of "Construction, alteration, or repair" in section 22.401.) Labor relations requirements prescribed in other subparts of part  22 may also apply.


22.401 Definitions.

As used in this subpart-

Apprentice means a person-

           (1) Employed and individually registered in a bona fide apprenticeship program registered with the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Apprenticeship Training, Employer, and Labor Services (OATELS), or with a State Apprenticeship Agency recognized by OATELS; or

           (2) Who is in the first 90 days of probationary employment as an Apprentice in an apprenticeship program, and is not individually registered in the program, but who has been certified by the OATELS or a State Apprenticeship Agency (where appropriate) to be eligible for probationary employment as an Apprentice.

           Construction, alteration, or repair means all types of work done by laborers and mechanics employed by the construction contractor or construction subcontractor on a particular building or work at the site thereof, including without limitations-

               (1) Altering, remodeling, installation (if appropriate) on the site of the work of items fabricated off-site;

                (2) Painting and decorating;

               (3) Manufacturing or furnishing of materials, articles, supplies, or equipment on the site of the building or work;

               (4) Transportation of materials and supplies between the site of the work within the meaning of paragraphs (1)(i) and (ii) of the "site of the work" definition of this section, and a facility which is dedicated to the construction of the building or work and is deemed part of the site of the work within the meaning of paragraph (2) of the "site of work" definition of this section; and

               (5) Transportation of portions of the building or work between a secondary site where a significant portion of the building or work is constructed, which is part of the "site of the work" definition in paragraph (1)(ii) of this section, and the physical place or places where the building or work will remain (paragraph (1)(i) in the "site of the work" definition of this section).

                Laborers or mechanics.-

                     (1) Means-

                          (i) Workers, utilized by a contractor or subcontractor at any tier, whose duties are manual or physical in nature (including those workers who use tools or who are performing the work of a trade), as distinguished from mental or managerial;

                          (ii) Apprentices, trainees, helpers, and, in the case of contracts subject to the contract Work Hours and Safety Standards statute, watchmen and guards;

                          (iii) Working foremen who devote more than 20 percent of their time during a workweek performing duties of a laborer or mechanic, and who do not meet the criteria of 29 CFR part 541, for the time so spent; and

                          (iv) Every person performing the duties of a laborer or mechanic, regardless of any contractual relationship alleged to exist between the contractor and those individuals; and

                     (2) Does not include workers whose duties are primarily executive, supervisory (except as provided in paragraph (1)(iii) of this definition), administrative, or clerical, rather than manual. Persons employed in a bona fide executive, administrative, or professional capacity as defined in 29 CFR part 541 are not deemed to be laborers or mechanics.

                     Public building or public work means building or work, the construction, prosecution, completion, or repair of which, as defined in this section, is carried on directly by authority of, or with funds of, a Federal agency to serve the interest of the general public regardless of whether title thereof is in a Federal agency.

                     Site of the work.-

                          (1) Means

                               (i) The primary site of the work. The physical place or places where the construction called for in the contract will remain when work on it is completed; and

                               (ii) The secondary site of the work, if any. Any other site where a significant portion of the building or work is constructed, provided that such site is-

                                    (A) Located in the United States; and

                                    (B) Established specifically for the performance of the contract or project;

                          (2) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this definition, includes fabrication plants, mobile factories, batch plants, borrow pits, job headquarters, tool yards, etc., provided-

                               (i) They are dedicated exclusively, or nearly so, to performance of the contract or project; and

                               (ii) They are adjacent or virtually adjacent to the "primary site of the work" as defined in paragraphs (1)(i) of "the secondary site of the work" as defined in paragraph (1)(ii) of this definition;

                          (3) Does not include permanent home offices, branch plant establishments, fabrication plants, or tool yards of a contractor or subcontractor whose locations and continuance in operation are determined wholly without regard to a particular Federal contract or project. In addition, fabrication plants, batch plants, borrow pits, job headquarters, yards, etc., of a commercial or material supplier which are established by a supplier of materials for the project before opening of bids and not on the project site, are not included in the "site of the work." Such permanent, previously established facilities are not a part of the "site of the work", even if the operations for a period of time may be dedicated exclusively, or nearly so, to the performance of a contract.

                          Trainee means a person registered and receiving on-thejob training in a construction occupation under a program which has been approved in advance by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Apprenticeship Training, Employer, and Labor Services (OATELS), as meeting its standards for on-the-job training programs and which has been so certified by that Administration.

                          Wages means the basic hourly rate of pay; any contribution irrevocably made by a contractor or subcontractor to a trustee or to a third person pursuant to a bona fide fringe benefit fund, plan, or program; and the rate of costs to the contractor or subcontractor which may be reasonably anticipated in providing bonafide fringe benefits to laborers and mechanics pursuant to an enforceable commitment to carry out a financially responsible plan or program, which was communicated in writing to the laborers and mechanics affected. The fringe benefits enumerated in the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute include medical or hospital care, pensions on retirement or death, compensation for injuries or illness resulting from occupational activity, or insurance to provide any of the foregoing; unemployment benefits; life insurance, disability insurance, sickness insurance, or accident insurance; vacation or holiday pay; defraying costs of apprenticeship or other similar programs; or other bona fide fringe benefits. Fringe benefits do not include benefits required by other Federal, State, or local law.


22.402 Applicability.

      (a) Contracts for construction work.

(1) The requirements of this subpart apply-

                (i) Only if the construction work is, or reasonably can be foreseen to be, performed at a particular site so that wage rates can be determined for the locality, and only to construction work that is performed by laborers and mechanics at the site of the work;

                (ii) To dismantling, demolition, or removal of improvements if a part of the construction contract, or if construction at that site is anticipated by another contract as provided in subpart  37.3;

                (iii) To the manufacture or fabrication of construction materials and components conducted in connection with the construction and on the site of the work by the contractor or a subcontractor under a contract otherwise subject to this subpart; and

                (iv) To painting of public buildings or public works, whether performed in connection with the original construction or as alteration or repair of an existing structure.

           (2) The requirements of this subpart do not apply to-

                (i) The manufacturing of components or materials off the site of the work or their subsequent delivery to the site by the commercial supplier or materialman;

                (ii) Contracts requiring construction work that is so closely related to research, experiment, and development that it cannot be performed separately, or that is itself the subject of research, experiment, or development (see paragraph (b) of this section for applicability of this subpart to research and development contracts or portions thereof involving construction, alteration, or repair of a public building or public work);

                (iii) Employees of railroads operating under collective bargaining agreements that are subject to the Railway Labor Act; or

                (iv) Employees who work at contractors’ or subcontractors’ permanent home offices, fabrication shops, or tool yards not located at the site of the work. However, if the employees go to the site of the work and perform construction activities there, the requirements of this subpart are applicable for the actual time so spent, not including travel unless the employees transport materials or supplies to or from the site of the work.

      (b) Nonconstruction contracts involving some construction work.

(1) The requirements of this subpart apply to construction work to be performed as part of nonconstruction contracts (supply, service, research and development, etc.) if-

                (i) The construction work is to be performed on a public building or public work;

                (ii) The contract contains specific requirements for a substantial amount of construction work exceeding the monetary threshold for application of the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute (the word "substantial" relates to the type and quantity of construction work to be performed and not merely to the total value of construction work as compared to the total value of the contract); and

                (iii) The construction work is physically or functionally separate from, and is capable of being performed on a segregated basis from, the other work required by the contract.

           (2) The requirements of this subpart do not apply if-

                (i) The construction work is incidental to the furnishing of supplies, equipment, or services (for example, the requirements do not apply to simple installation or alteration at a public building or public work that is incidental to furnishing supplies or equipment under a supply contract; however, if a substantial and segregable amount of construction, alteration, or repair is required, such as for installation of heavy generators or large refrigerator systems or for plant modification or rearrangement, the requirements of this subpart apply); or

                (ii) The construction work is so merged with non- construction work or so fragmented in terms of the locations or time spans in which it is to be performed, that it is not capable of being segregated as a separate contractual requirement.


22.403 Statutory, Executive Order, and regulatory requirements.


22.403-1 Construction Wage Rate Requirements statute.

40 U.S.C. chapter 31, subchapter IV, Wage Rate Requirements (construction), formerly known as the Davis-Bacon Act, provides that contracts in excess of $2,000 to which the United States or the District of Columbia is a party for construction, alteration, or repair (including painting and decorating) of public buildings or public works within the United States, shall contain a clause (see 52.222-6) that no laborer or mechanic employed directly upon the site of the work shall receive less than the prevailing wage rates as determined by the Secretary of Labor.


22.403-2 Copeland Act.

The Copeland (Anti-Kickback) Act (18 U.S.C.874 and 40 U.S.C.3145) makes it unlawful to induce, by force, intimidation, threat of procuring dismissal from employment, or otherwise, any person employed in the construction or repair of public buildings or public works, financed in whole or in part by the United States, to give up any part of the compensation to which that person is entitled under a contract of employment. The Copeland Act also requires each contractor and subcontractor to furnish weekly a statement of compliance with respect to the wages paid each employee during the preceding week. Contracts subject to the Copeland Act shall contain a clause (see 52.222-10) requiring contractors and subcontractors to comply with the regulations issued by the Secretary of Labor under the Copeland Act.


22.403-3 Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards.

40 U.S.C.chpater 37, contract Work Hours and Safety Standards, requires that certain contracts (see 22.305) contain a clause (see 52.222-4) specifying that no laborer or mechanic doing any part of the work contemplated by the contract shall be required or permitted to work more than 40 hours in any workweek unless paid for all additional hours at not less than 1 1/2 times the basic rate of pay (see 22.301).


22.403-4 Executive Order 13658.

Executive Order 13658 establishes minimum wages for certain workers. The wage rate is subject to annual increases by an amount determined by the Secretary of Labor. See subpart  22.19. The clause at 52.222-55, Minimum Wages under Executive Order 13658, requires the Executive Order 13658 minimum wage rate to be paid if it is higher than other minimum wage rates, such as the subpart  22.4 statutory wage determination amount.


22.403-5 Executive Order 13706.

Executive Order 13706 establishes paid sick leave for employees of certain Federal contractors. See subpart  22.21 and the clause at 52.222-62, Paid Sick Leave under Executive Order 13706.


22.403-6 Department of Labor regulations involving construction.

      (a) Under the statutes and Executive orders referred to in 22.403 and Reorganization Plan No. 14 of 1950 (3 CFR 1949-53 Comp., p. 1007), the Secretary of Labor has issued regulations in Title 29, Subtitle A, Code of Federal Regulations, prescribing standards and procedures to be observed by the Department of Labor and the Federal Contracting agencies. Those standards and procedures applicable to contracts involving construction are implemented in this subpart.

      (b) The Department of Labor regulations include-

           (1) part  1, relating to construction Wage Rate Requirements statute minimum wage rates;

           (2) part  3, relating to the Copeland (Anti-Kickback) Act and requirements for submission of weekly statements of compliance and the preservation and inspection of weekly payroll records;

           (3) part  5, relating to enforcement of the–

                (i) construction Wage Rate Requirements statute;

                (ii) contract Work Hours and Safety Standards statute; and

                (iii) Copeland (Anti-Kickback) Act;

           (4) part  6, relating to rules of practice for appealing the findings of the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, in enforcement cases under the various labor statutes, and by which Administrative Law Judge hearings are held;

           (5) part  7, relating to rules of practice by which contractors and other interested parties may appeal to the Department of Labor Administrative Review Board, decisions issued by the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, or administrative law judges under the various labor statutes;

           (6) part  10, relating to establishing a minimum wage for Federal contractors; and

           (7) part  13, relating to establishing paid sick leave for Federal contractors.

      (c) Refer all questions relating to the application and interpretation of wage determinations (including the classifications therein) and the interpretation of the Department of Labor regulations in this subsection to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division.


22.404 Construction Wage Rate Requirements statute wage determinations.

The Department of Labor is responsible for issuing wage determinations reflecting prevailing wages, including fringe benefits. The wage determinations apply only to those laborers and mechanics employed by a contractor upon the site of the work including drivers who transport to or from the site materials and equipment used in the course of contract operations. Determinations are issued for different types of construction, such as building, heavy, highway, and residential (referred to as rate schedules), and apply only to the types of construction designated in the determination.


22.404-1 Types of wage determinations.

      (a) General wage determinations.

(1) A general wage determination contains prevailing wage rates for the types of construction designated in the determination, and is used in contracts performed within a specified geographical area. General wage determinations contain no expiration date and remain valid until modified, superseded, or canceled by the Department of Labor. Once incorporated in a contract, a general wage determination normally remains effective for the life of the contract, unless the contracting officer exercises an option to extend the term of the contract (see 22.404-12). These determinations shall be used whenever possible. They are issued at the discretion of the Department of Labor either upon receipt of an agency request or on the Department of Labor’s own initiative.

           (2) General wage determinations are published on the WDOL website. General wage determinations are effective on the publication date of the wage determination or upon receipt of the wage determination by the Contracting agency, whichever occurs first. "Publication" within the meaning of this section shall occur on the first date the wage determination is published on the WDOL. Archived construction Wage Rate Requirements statute general wage determinations that are no longer current may be accessed in the "Archived DB WD" database on WDOL for information purposes only. Contracting officers may not use an archived wage determination in a contract action without obtaining prior approval of the Department of Labor. To obtain prior approval, contact the Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Division, using http://www.wdol.gov, or contact the procurement agency labor advisor listed on http://www.wdol.gov.

      (b) Project wage determinations. A project wage determination is issued at the specific request of a Contracting agency. It is used only when no general wage determination applies, and is effective for 180 calendar days from the date of the determination. However, if a determination expires before contract award, it may be possible to obtain an extension to the 180-day life of the determination (see 22.404-5(b)(2)). Once incorporated in a contract, a project wage determination normally remains effective for the life of the contract, unless the contracting officer exercises an option to extend the term of the contract (see 22.404-12).


22.404-2 General requirements.

      (a) The contracting officer must incorporate only the appropriate wage determinations in solicitations and contracts and must designate the work to which each determination or part thereof applies. The contracting officer must not include project wage determinations in contracts or options other than those for which they are issued. When exercising an option to extend the term of a contract, the contracting officer must select the most current wage determination(s) from the same schedule(s) as the wage determination(s) incorporated into the contract.

      (b) If the wage determination is a general wage determination or a project wage determination containing more than one rate schedule, the contracting officer shall either include only the rate schedules that apply to the particular types of construction (building, heavy, highway, etc.) or include the entire wage determination and clearly indicate the parts of the work to which each rate schedule shall be applied. Inclusion by reference is not permitted.

      (c) The Wage and Hour Division has issued the following general guidelines for use in selecting the proper schedule(s) of wage rates:

           (1) Building construction is generally the construction of sheltered enclosures with walk-in access, for housing persons, machinery, equipment, or supplies. It typically includes all construction of such structures, installation of utilities and equipment (both above and below grade level), as well as incidental grading, utilities and paving, unless there is an established area practice to the contrary.

           (2) Residential construction is generally the construction, alteration, or repair of single family houses or apartment buildings of no more than four (4) stories in height, and typically includes incidental items such as site work, parking areas, utilities, streets and sidewalks, unless there is an established area practice to the contrary.

           (3) Highwayconstruction is generally the construction, alteration, or repair of roads, streets, highways, runways, taxiways, alleys, parking areas, and other similar projects that are not incidental to "building," "residential," or "heavy" construction.

           (4) Heavy construction includes those projects that are not properly classified as either "building," "residential," or "highway," and is of a catch-all nature. Such heavy projects may sometimes be distinguished on the basis of their individual characteristics, and separate schedules issued (e.g.,"dredging," "water and sewer line," "dams," "flood control," etc.).

           (5) When the nature of a project is not clear, it is necessary to look at additional factors, with primary consideration given to locally established area practices. If there is any doubt as to the proper application of wage rate schedules to the type or types of construction involved, guidance shall be sought before the opening of bids, or receipt of best and final offers, from the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division. Further examples are contained in Department of Labor All Agency Memoranda Numbers 130 and 131.


22.404-3 Procedures for requesting wage determinations.

      (a) General wage determinations. If there is a general wage determination on the WDOL website applicable to the project, the agency may use it without notifying the Department of Labor. When necessary, a request for a general wage determination may be made by submitting Standard Form (SF) 308, Request for Determination and Response to Request, to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, Attention: Branch of construction contract Wage Determinations, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20210.

      (b) Project wage determinations. If a general wage determination is not available on WDOL, a Contracting agency shall submit requests for project wage determinations on SF 308 to the Department of Labor. The requests shall include the following information:

           (1) The location, including the county (or other civil subdivision) and State in which the proposed project is located.

           (2) The name of the project and a sufficiently detailed description of the work to indicate the types of construction involved (e.g., building, heavy, highway, residential, or other type).

           (3) Any available pertinent wage payment information, unless wage patterns in the area are clearly established.

           (4) The estimated cost of each project.

           (5) All the classifications of laborers and mechanics likely to be employed.

      (c) Time for submission of requests.

(1) The time required by the Department of Labor for processing requests for project wage determinations varies according to the facts and circumstances in each case. An agency should expect the processing to take at least 30 days. Accordingly, agencies should submit requests for project wage determinations for the primary site of the work to the Department of Labor at least 45 days (60 days if possible) before issuing the solicitation or exercising an option to extend the term of a contract.

           (2) Agencies should promptly submit to the Department of Labor an offeror’s request for a project wage determination for a secondary site of the work.

      (d) Review of wage determinations. Immediately upon receipt, the Contracting agency shall examine the wage determination and inform the Department of Labor of any changes necessary or appropriate to correct errors. Private parties requesting changes should be advised to submit their requests to the Department of Labor.


22.404-4 Solicitations issued without wage determinations for the primary site of the work.

      (a) If a solicitation is issued before the wage determination for the primary site of the work is obtained, a notice shall be included in the solicitation that the schedule of minimum wage rates to be paid under the contract will be issued as an amendment to the solicitation.

      (b) In sealed bidding, bids may not be opened until a reasonable time after the wage determination for the primary site of the work has been furnished to all bidders.

      (c) In negotiated acquisitions, the contracting officer may open proposals and conduct negotiations before obtaining the wage determination for the primary site of the work. However, the contracting officer shall incorporate the wage determination for the primary site of the work into the solicitation before submission of best and final offers.


22.404-5 Expiration of project wage determinations.

      (a) The contracting officer shall make every effort to ensure that contract award is made before expiration of the project wage determination included in the solicitation.

      (b) The following procedure applies when Contracting by sealed bidding:

           (1) If a project wage determination for the primary site of the work expires before bid opening, or if it appears before bid opening that a project wage determination may expire before award, the contracting officer shall request a new determination early enough to ensure its receipt before bid opening. If necessary, the contracting officer shall postpone the bid opening date to allow a reasonable time to obtain the determination, amend the solicitation to incorporate the new determination, and permit bidders to amend their bids. If the new determination does not change the wage rates and would not warrant amended bids, the contracting officer shall amend the solicitation to include the number and date of the new determination.

           (2) If a project wage determination for the primary site of the work expires after bid opening but before award, the contracting officer shall request an extension of the project wage determination expiration date from the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division. The request for extension shall be supported by a written finding, which shall include a brief statement of factual support, that the extension is necessary and proper in the public interest to prevent injustice or undue hardship or to avoid serious impairment of the conduct of Government business. If necessary, the contracting officer shall delay award to permit either receipt of the extension or receipt and processing of a new determination. If the request is granted, the contracting officer shall award the contract and modify it to apply the extended expiration date to the already incorporated project wage determination. (See 43.103(b)(1).) If the request is denied, the Administrator will proceed to issue a new project wage determination. Upon receipt, the contracting officer shall process the new determination as follows:

                (i) If If the new determination for the primary site of the work changes any wage rates for classifications to be used in the contract, the contracting officer may cancel the solicitation only in accordance with 14.404-1. Otherwise the contracting officer shall award the contract and incorporate the new determination to be effective on the date of contract award. The contracting officer shall equitably adjust the contract price for any increased or decreased cost of performance resulting from any changed wage rates.

                (ii) If the new determination for the primary site of the work does not change any wage rates, the contracting officer shall award the contract and modify it to include the number and date of the new determination. (See 43.103(b)(1).)

      (c) The following procedure applies when Contracting by negotiation:

           (1) If a project wage determination will or does expire before contract award, the contracting officer shall request a new wage determination from the Department of Labor. If necessary, the contracting officer shall delay award while the new determination is obtained and processed.

           (2) The contracting officer need not delay opening and reviewing proposals or discussing them with the offerors while a new determination for the primary site of the work is being obtained. The contracting officer shall request offerors to extend the period for acceptance of any proposal if that period expires or may expire before receipt and full processing of the new determination.

           (3) If the new determination for the primary site of the work changes any wage rates, the contracting officer shall amend the solicitation to incorporate the new determination, and furnish the wage rate information to all prospective offerors that were sent a solicitation if the closing date for receipt of proposals has not yet occurred, or to all offerors that have not been eliminated from the competition if the closing date has passed. All offerors to whom wage rate information has been furnished shall be given reasonable opportunity to amend their proposals.

           (4) If the new determination for the primary site of the work does not change any wage rates, the contracting officer shall amend the solicitation to include the number and date of the new determination and award the contract.


22.404-6 Modifications of wage determinations.

      (a) General.

(1) The Department of Labor may modify a wage determination to make it current by specifying only the items being changed or by reissuing the entire determination with changes incorporated.

           (2) All project wage determination modifications expire on the same day as the original determination. The need to include a modification of a project wage determination for the primary site of the work in a solicitation is determined by the time of receipt of the modification by the Contracting agency. Therefore, the Contracting agency must annotate the modification of the project wage determination with the date and time immediately upon receipt.

           (3) The need for inclusion of the modification of a general wage determination for the primary site of the work in a solicitation is determined by the date the modified wage determination is published on the WDOL, or by the date the agency receives actual written notice of the modification from the Department of Labor, whichever occurs first. (Note the distinction between receipt by the agency (modification is effective) and receipt by the contracting officer, which may occur later.) During the course of the solicitation, the contracting officer shall monitor the WDOL website to determine whether the applicable wage determination has been revised. Revisions published on the WDOL website or otherwise communicated to the contracting officer within the timeframes prescribed at 22.404-6(b) and (c) are applicable and must be included in the resulting contract. Monitoring can be accomplished by use of the WDOL website’s "Alert Service".

      (b) The following applies when Contracting by sealed bidding:

           (1) A written action modifying a wage determination shall be effective if:

                (i) It is received by the Contracting agency, or is published on the WDOL, 10 or more calendar days before the date of bid opening; or

                (ii) It is received by the Contracting agency, or is published on the WDOL, less than 10 calendar days before the date of bid opening, unless the contracting officer finds that there is not reasonable time available before bid opening to notify the prospective bidders. (If the contracting officer finds that there is not reasonable time to notify bidders, a written report of the finding shall be placed in the contract file and shall be made available to the Department of Labor upon request.)

           (2) All written actions modifying wage determinations received by the Contracting agency after bid opening, or modifications to general wage determinations published on the WDOL after bid opening, shall not be effective and shall not be included in the solicitation (but see paragraph (b)(6) of this subsection).

           (3) If an effective modification of the wage determination for the primary site of the work is received by the contracting officer before bid opening, the contracting officer shall postpone the bid opening, if necessary, to allow a reasonable time to amend the solicitation to incorporate the modification and permit bidders to amend their bids. If the modification does not change the wage rates and would not warrant amended bids, the contracting officer shall amend the solicitation to include the number and date of the modification.

           (4) If an effective modification of the wage determination for the primary site of the work is received by the contracting officer after bid opening, but before award, the contracting officer shall follow the procedures in 22.404-5(b)(2)(i) or (ii).

           (5) If an effective modification is received by the contracting officer after award, the contracting officer shall modify the contract to incorporate the wage modification retroactive to the date of award and equitably adjust the contract price for any increased or decreased cost of performance resulting from any changed wage rates. If the modification does not change any wage rates and would not warrant contract price adjustment, the contracting officer shall modify the contract to include the number and date of the modification.

           (6) If an award is not made within 90 days after bid opening, any modification to a general wage determination which is published on the WDOL before award, shall be effective for any resultant contract unless an extension of the 90-day period is obtained from the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division. An agency head may request such an extension from the Administrator. The request must be supported by a written finding, which shall include a brief statement of factual support, that the extension is necessary and proper in the public interest to prevent injustice, undue hardship, or to avoid serious impairment in the conduct of Government business. The contracting officer shall follow the procedures in 22.404-5(b)(2).

      (c) The following applies when Contracting by negotiation:

           (1) All written actions modifying wage determinations received by the Contracting agency before contract award, or modifications to general wage determinations published on the WDOL before award, shall be effective.

           (2) If an effective wage modification is received by the contracting officer before award, the contracting officer shall follow the procedures in 22.404-5(c)(3) or (4).

           (3) If an effective wage modification is received by the contracting officer after award, the contracting officer shall follow the procedures in 22.404-6(b)(5).

      (d) The following applies when modifying a contract to exercise an option to extend the term of a contract:

           (1) A modified wage determination is effective if-

                (i) The Contracting agency receives a written action from the Department of Labor prior to exercise of the option, or within 45 days after submission of a wage determination request (22.404-3(c)), whichever is later; or

                (ii) The Department of Labor publishes the modification to a general wage determination on the WDOL before exercise of the option.

           (2) If the contracting officer receives an effective modified wage determination either before or after execution of the contract modification to exercise the option, the contracting officer must modify the contract to incorporate the modified wage determination, and any changed wage rates, effective as of the date that the option to extend was effective.


22.404-7 Correction of wage determinations containing clerical errors.

Upon the Department of Labor’s own initiative or at the request of the Contracting agency, the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, may correct any wage determination found to contain clerical errors. Such corrections will be effective immediately, and will apply to any solicitation or active contract. Before contract award, the contracting officer must follow the procedures in 22.404-5(b)(1) or (2)(i) or (ii) in sealed bidding, and the procedures in 22.404-5(c)(3) or (4) in negotiations. After contract award, the contracting officer must follow the procedures at 22.404-6(b)(5), except that for contract modifications to exercise an option to extend the term of the contract, the contracting officer must follow the procedures at 22.404-6(d)(2).


22.404-8 Notification of improper wage determination before award.

      (a) The following written notifications by the Department of Labor shall be effective immediately without regard to 22.404-6 if received by the contracting officer prior to award:

           (1) A solicitation includes the wrong wage determination or the wrong rate schedule; or

           (2) A wage determination is withdrawn by the Administrative Review Board.

      (b) In sealed bidding, the contracting officer shall proceed in accordance with the following:

           (1) If the notification of an improper wage determination for the primary site of the work reaches the contracting officer before bid opening, the contracting officer shall postpone the bid opening date, if necessary, to allow a reasonable time to-

                (i) Obtain the appropriate determination if a new wage determination is required;

                (ii) Amend the solicitation to incorporate the determination (or rate schedule); and

                (iii) Permit bidders to amend their bids. If the appropriate wage determination does not change any wage rates and would not warrant amended bids, the contracting officer shall amend the solicitation to include the number and date of the new determination.

           (2) If the notification of an improper wage determination for the primary site of the work reaches the contracting officer after bid opening but before award, the contracting officer shall delay awarding the contract, if necessary, and if required, obtain the appropriate wage determination. The appropriate wage determination shall be processed in accordance with 22.404-5(b)(2)(i) or (ii).

      (c) In negotiated acquisitions, the contracting officer shall delay award, if necessary, and process the notification of an improper wage determination for the primary site of the work in the manner prescribed for a new wage determination at 22.404-5(c)(3).


22.404-9 Award of contract without required wage determination.

      (a) If a contract is awarded without the required wage determination (i.e., incorporating no determination, containing a clearly inapplicable general wage determination, or containing a project determination which is inapplicable because of an inaccurate description of the project or its location), the contracting officer shall initiate action to incorporate the required determination in the contract immediately upon discovery of the error. If a required wage determination (valid determination in effect on the date of award) is not available, the contracting officer shall expeditiously request a wage determination from the Department of Labor, including a statement explaining the circumstances and giving the date of the contract award.

      (b) The contracting officer shall-

           (1) Modify the contract to incorporate the required wage determination (retroactive to the date of award) and equitably adjust the contract price if appropriate; or

           (2) Terminate the contract.


22.404-10 Posting wage determinations and notice.

The contractor must keep a copy of the applicable wage determination (and any approved additional classifications) posted at the site of the work in a prominent place where the workers can easily see it. The contracting officer shall furnish to the contractor, Department of Labor FormWH-1321, Notice to Employees Working on Federal and Federally Financed construction Projects, for posting with the wage rates. The name, address, and telephone number of the Government officer responsible for the administration of the contract shall be indicated in the poster to inform workers to whom they may submit complaints or raise questions concerning labor standards.


22.404-11 Wage determination appeals.

The Secretary of Labor has established an Administrative Review Board which decides appeals of final decisions made by the Department of Labor concerning construction Wage Rate Requirements statute wage determinations. A Contracting agency or other interested party may file a petition for review under the procedures in 29 CFR Part 7 if reconsideration by the Administrator has been sought pursuant to 29 CFR1.8 and denied.


22.404-12 Labor standards for contracts containing construction requirements and option provisions that extend the term of the contract.

      (a) Each time the contracting officer exercises an option to extend the term of a contract for construction, or a contract that includes substantial and segregable construction work, the contracting officer must modify the contract to incorporate the most current wage determination.

      (b) If a contract with an option to extend the term of the contract has indefinite-delivery or indefinite-quantity construction requirements, the contracting officer must incorporate the wage determination incorporated into the contract at the exercise of the option into task orders issued during that option period. The wage determination will be effective for the complete period of performance of those task orders without further revision.

      (c) The contracting officer must include in fixed-price contracts a clause that specifies one of the following methods, suitable to the interest of the Government, to provide an allowance for any increases or decreases in labor costs that result from the inclusion of the current wage determination at the exercise of an option to extend the term of the contract:

           (1) The contracting officer may provide the offerors the opportunity to bid or propose separate prices for each option period. The contracting officer must not further adjust the contract price as a result of the incorporation of a new or revised wage determination at the exercise of each option to extend the term of the contract. Generally, this method is used in construction-only contracts (with options to extend the term) that are not expected to exceed a total of 3 years.

           (2) The contracting officer may include in the contract a separately specified Pricing method that permits an adjustment to the contract price or contract labor unit price at the exercise of each option to extend the term of the contract. At the time of option exercise, the contracting officer must incorporate a new wage determination into the contract, and must apply the specific Pricing method to calculate the contract price adjustment. An example of a contract Pricing method that the contracting officer might separately specify is incorporation in the solicitation and resulting contract of the Pricing data from an annually published unit Pricing book (e.g., the U.S. Army Computer-Aided Cost Estimating System or similar commercial product), which is multiplied in the contract by a factor proposed by the contractor (e.g., .95 or 1.1). At option exercise, the contracting officer incorporates the Pricing data from the latest annual edition of the unit Pricing book, multiplied by the factor agreed to in the basic contract. The contracting officer must not further adjust the contract price as a result of the incorporation of the new or revised wage determination.

           (3) The contracting officer may provide for a contract price adjustment based solely on a percentage rate determined by the contracting officer using a published economic indicator incorporated into the solicitation and resulting contract. At the exercise of each option to extend the term of the contract, the contracting officer will apply the percentage rate, based on the economic indicator, to the portion of the contract price or contract unit price designated in the contract clause as labor costs subject to the provisions of the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute. The contracting officer must insert 50 percent as the estimated portion of the contract price that is labor unless the contracting officer determines, prior to issuance of the solicitation, that a different percentage is more appropriate for a particular contract or requirement. This percentage adjustment to the designated labor costs must be the only adjustment made to cover increases in wages and/or benefits resulting from the incorporation of a new or revised wage determination at the exercise of the option.

           (4) The contracting officer may provide a computation method to adjust the contract price to reflect the contractor’s actual increase or decrease in wages and fringe benefits (combined) to the extent that the increase is made to comply with, or the decrease is voluntarily made by the contractor as a result of incorporation of, a new or revised wage determination at the exercise of the option to extend the term of the contract. Generally, this method is appropriate for use only if contract requirements are predominately services subject to the Service Contract Labor Standards statute and the construction requirements are substantial and segregable. The methods used to adjust the contract price for the service requirements and the construction requirements would be similar.


22.405 [Reserved]


22.406 Administration and enforcement.


22.406-1 Policy.

      (a) General. Contracting agencies are responsible for ensuring the full and impartial enforcement of labor standards in the administration of construction contracts. Contracting agencies shall maintain an effective program that shall include-

           (1) Ensuring that contractors and subcontractors are informed, before commencement of work, of their obligations under the labor standards clauses of the contract;

           (2) Adequate payroll reviews, on-site inspections, and employee interviews to determine compliance by the contractor and subcontractors, and prompt initiation of corrective action when required;

           (3) Prompt investigation and disposition of complaints; and

           (4) Prompt submission of all reports required by this subpart.

      (b) Preconstruction letters and conferences. Before construction begins, the contracting officer shall inform the contractor of the labor standards clauses and wage determination requirements of the contract and of the contractor’s and any subcontractor’s responsibilities under the contract. Unless it is clear that the contractor is fully aware of the requirements, the contracting officer shall issue an explanatory letter and/or arrange a conference with the contractor promptly after award of the contract.


22.406-2 Wages, fringe benefits, and overtime.

      (a) In computing wages paid to a laborer or mechanic, the contractor may include only the following items:

           (1) Amounts paid in cash to the laborer or mechanic, or deducted from payments under the conditions set forth in 29 CFR3.5.

           (2) Contributions (except those required by Federal, State, or local law) the contractor makes irrevocably to a trustee or a third party under any bona fide plan or program to provide for medical or hospital care, pensions, compensation for injuries or illness resulting from occupational activity, unemployment benefits, life insurance, disability and sickness insurance, accident insurance, or any other bona fide fringe benefit.

           (3) Other contributions or anticipated costs for bona fide fringe benefits to the extent expressly approved by the Secretary of Labor.

      (b)

(1) The contractor may satisfy the obligation under the clause at 52.222-6, construction Wage Rate Requirements, by providing wages consisting of any combination of contributions or costs as specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection, if the total cost of the combination is not less than the total of the basic hourly rate and fringe benefits payments prescribed in the wage determination for the classification of laborer or mechanic concerned.

           (2) Wages provided by the contractor and fringe benefits payments required by the wage determination may include items that are not stated as exact cash amounts. In these cases, the hourly cash equivalent of the cost of these items shall be determined by dividing the employer’s contributions or costs by the employee’s hours worked during the period covered by the costs or contributions. For example, if a contractor pays a monthly health insurance premium of $112 for a particular employee who worked 125 hours during the month, the hourly cash equivalent is determined by dividing $112 by 125 hours, which equals $0.90 per hour. Similarly, the calculation of hourly cash equivalent for nine paid holidays peryear for an employee with a hourly rate of pay of $5.00 is determined by multiplying $5.00 by 72 (9 days at 8 hours each), and dividing the result of $360 by the number of hours worked by the employee during the year. If the interested parties (contractor, contracting officer, and employees or their representative) cannot agree on the cash equivalent, the contracting officer shall submit the question for final determination to the Department of Labor as prescribed by agency procedures. The information submitted shall include-

                (i) A comparison of the payments, contributions, or costs in the wage determination with those made or proposed as equivalents by the contractor; and

                (ii) The comments and recommendations of the contracting officer.

      (c) In computing required Overtime payments, (i.e.,1 1/2 times the basic hourly rate of pay) the contractor shall use the basic hourly rate of pay in the wage determination, or the basic hourly rate actually paid by the contractor, if higher. The basic rate of pay includes employee contributions to fringe benefits, but excludes the contractor’s contributions, costs, or payment of cash equivalents for fringe benefits. Overtime shall not be computed on a rate lower than the basic hourly rate in the wage determination.


22.406-3 Additional classifications.

      (a) If any laborer or mechanic is to be employed in a classification that is not listed in the wage determination applicable to the contract, the contracting officer, pursuant to the clause at 52.222-6, construction Wage Rate Requirements, shall require that the contractor submit to the contracting officer, Standard Form (SF) 1444, Request for Authorization of Additional Classification and Rate, which, along with other pertinent data, contains the proposed additional classification and minimum wage rate including any fringe benefits payments.

      (b) Upon receipt of SF 1444 from the contractor, the contracting officer shall review the request to determine whether it meets the following criteria:

           (1) The classification is appropriate and the work to be performed by the classification is not performed by any classification contained in the applicable wage determination.

           (2) The classification is utilized in the area by the construction industry.

           (3) The proposed wage rate, including any fringe benefits, bears a reasonable relationship to the wage rates in the wage determination in the contract.

      (c)

(1) If the criteria in paragraph (b) of this subsection are met and the contractor and the laborers or mechanics to be employed in the additional classification (if known) or their representatives agree to the proposed additional classification, and the contracting officer approves, the contracting officer shall submit a report (including a copy of SF 1444) of that action to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, for approval, modification, or disapproval of the additional classification and wage rate (including any amount designated for fringe benefits); or

           (2) If the contractor, the laborers or mechanics to be employed in the classification or their representatives, and the contracting officer do not agree on the proposed additional classification, or if the criteria are not met, the contracting officer shall submit a report (including a copy of SF 1444) giving the views of all interested parties and the contracting officer’s recommendation to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, for determination of appropriate classification and wage rate.

      (d)

(1) Within 30 days of receipt of the report, the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, will complete action and so advise the contracting officer, or will notify the contracting officer that additional time is necessary.

           (2) Upon receipt of the Department of Labor’s action, the contracting officer shall forward a copy of the action to the contractor, directing that the classification and wage rate be posted in accordance with paragraph (a) of the clause at 52.222-6 and that workers in the affected classification receive no less than the minimum rate indicated from the first day on which work under the contract was performed in the classification.

      (e) In each option to extend the term of the contract, if any laborer or mechanic is to be employed during the option in a classification that is not listed (or no longer listed) on the wage determination incorporated in that option, the contracting officer must require that the contractor submit a request for conformance using the procedures noted in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this section.


22.406-4 Apprentices and trainees.

      (a) The contracting officer shall review the contractor’s employment and payment records of apprentices and trainees made available pursuant to the clause at 52.222-8, Payrolls and Basic Records, to ensure that the contractor has complied with the clause at 52.222-9, Apprentices and Trainees.

      (b) If a contractor has classified employees as apprentices, trainees, or helpers without complying with the requirements of the clause at 52.222-9, the contracting officer shall reject the classification and require the contractor to pay the affected employees at the rates applicable to the classification of the work actually performed.


22.406-5 Subcontracts.

In accordance with the requirements of the clause at 52.222-11, Subcontracts (Labor Standards), the contractor and subcontractors at any tier are required to submit a fully executed SF 1413, Statement and Acknowledgment, upon award of each subcontract.


22.406-6 Payrolls and statements.

      (a) Submission. In accordance with the clause at 52.222-8, Payrolls and Basic Records, the contractor must submit or cause to be submitted, within 7 calendar days after the regular payment date of the payroll week covered, for the contractor and each subcontractor, (1) copies of weekly payrolls applicable to the contract, and (2) weekly payroll statements of compliance. The contractor may use the Department of Labor FormWH-347, Payroll (For Contractor’s Optional Use), or a similar form that provides the same data and identical representation.

      (b) Withholding for nonsubmission. If the contractor fails to submit copies of its or its subcontractors’ payrolls promptly, the contracting officer shall, from any payment due to the contractor, withhold approval of an amount that the contracting officer considers necessary to protect the interest of the Government and the employees of the contractor or any subcontractor.

      (c) Examination.

(1) The contracting officer shall examine the payrolls and payroll statements to ensure compliance with the contract and any statutory or regulatory requirements. Particular attention should be given to-

                (i) The correctness of classifications and rates;

                (ii) Fringe benefits payments;

                (iii) Hours worked;

                (iv) Deductions; and

                (v) Disproportionate employment ratios of laborers, apprentices or trainees to journeymen.

           (2) Fringe benefits payments, contributions made, or costs incurred on other than a weekly basis shall be considered as a part of weekly payments to the extent they are creditable to the particular weekly period involved and are otherwise acceptable.

      (d) Preservation. The Contracting agency shall retain payrolls and statements of compliance for 3 years after completion of the contract and make them available when requested by the Department of Labor at any time during that period. Submitted payrolls shall not be returned to a contractor or subcontractor for any reason, but copies thereof may be furnished to the contractor or subcontractor who submitted them, or to a higher tier contractor or subcontractor.

      (e) Disclosure of payroll records. Contractor payroll records in the Government’s possession must be carefully protected from any public disclosure which is not required by law, since payroll records may contain information in which the contractor’s employees have a privacy interest, as well as information in which the contractor may have a proprietary interest that the Government may be obliged to protect. Questions concerning release of this information may involve the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).


22.406-7 Compliance checking.

      (a) General. The contracting officer shall make checks and investigations on all contracts covered by this subpart as may be necessary to ensure compliance with the labor standards requirements of the contract.

      (b) Regular compliance checks. Regular compliance checking includes the following activities:

           (1) Employee interviews to determine correctness of classifications, rates of pay, fringe benefits payments, and hours worked. (See Standard Form 1445.)

           (2) On-site inspections to check type of work performed, number and classification of workers, and fulfillment of posting requirements.

           (3) Payroll reviews to ensure that payrolls of prime contractors and subcontractors have been submitted on time and are complete and in compliance with contract requirements.

           (4) Comparison of the information in this paragraph (b) with available data, including daily inspector’s report and daily logs of construction, to ensure consistency.

      (c) Special compliance checks. Situations that may require special compliance checks include -

           (1) Inconsistencies, errors, or omissions detected during regular compliance checks; or

           (2) Receipt of a complaint alleging violations. If the complaint is not specific enough, the complainant shall be so advised and invited to submit additional information.


22.406-8 Investigations.

Conduct labor standards investigations when available information indicates such action is warranted. In addition, the Department of Labor may conduct an investigation on its own initiative or may request a Contracting agency to do so.

      (a) Contracting agency responsibilities. Conduct an investigation when a compliance check indicates that substantial or willful violations may have occurred or violations have not been corrected.

           (1) The investigation must-

                (i) Include all aspects of the contractor’s compliance with contract labor standards requirements;

                (ii) Not be limited to specific areas raised in a complaint or uncovered during compliance checks; and

                (iii) Use personnel familiar with labor laws and their application to contracts.

           (2) Do not disclose contractor employees’ oral or written statements taken during an investigation or the employee’s identity to anyone other than an authorized Government official without that employee’s prior signed consent.

           (3) Send a written request to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, to obtain-

                (i) Investigation and enforcement instructions; or

                (ii) Available pertinent Department of Labor files.

           (4) Obtain permission from the Department of Labor before disclosing material obtained from Labor Department files, other than computations of back wages and liquidated damages and summaries of back wages due, to anyone other than Government contract administrators.

      (b) Investigation report. The contracting officer must review the investigation report on receipt and make preliminary findings. The contracting officer normally must not base adverse findings solely on employee statements that the employee does not wish to have disclosed. However, if the investigation establishes a pattern of possible violations that are based on employees’ statements that are not authorized for disclosure, the pattern itself may support a finding of noncompliance.

      (c) Contractor Notification. After completing the review, the contracting officer must-

           (1) Provide the contractor any written preliminary findings and proposed corrective actions, and notice that the contractor has the right to request that the basis for the findings be made available and to submit written rebuttal information.

           (2) Upon request, provide the contractor with rationale for the findings. However, under no circumstances will the contracting officer permit the contractor to examine the investigation report. Also, the contracting officer must not disclose the identity of any employee who filed a complaint or who was interviewed, without the prior consent of the employee.

           (3)

(i) The contractor may rebut the findings in writing within 60 days after it receives a copy of the preliminary findings. The rebuttal becomes part of the official investigation record. If the contractor submits a rebuttal, evaluate the preliminary findings and notify the contractor of the final findings.

                (ii) If the contracting officer does not receive a timely rebuttal, the contracting officer must consider the preliminary findings final.

           (4) If appropriate, request the contractor to make restitution for underpaid wages and assess liquidated damages. If the request includes liquidated damages, the request must state that the contractor has 60 days to request relief from such assessment.

      (d) contracting officer’s report. After taking the actions prescribed in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this subsection-

           (1) The contracting officer must prepare and forward a report of any violations, including findings and supporting evidence, to the agency head. Standard Form 1446, Labor Standards Investigation Summary Sheet, is the first page of the report; and

           (2) The agency head must process the report as follows:

                (i) The contracting officer must send a detailed enforcement report to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, within 60 days after completion of the investigation, if-

                     (A) A contractor or subcontractor underpaid by $1,000 or more;

                     (B) The contracting officer believes that the violations are aggravated or willful (or there is reason to believe that the contractor has disregarded its obligations to employees and subcontractors under the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute);

                     (C) The contractor or subcontractor has not made restitution; or

                     (D) Future compliance has not been assured.

                (ii) If the Department of Labor expressly requested the investigation and none of the conditions in paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this subsection exist, submit a summary report to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division. The report must include-

                     (A) A summary of any violations;

                     (B) The amount of restitution paid;

                     (C) The number of workers who received restitution;

                     (D) The amount of liquidated damages assessed under the contract Work Hours and Safety Standards statute;

                     (E) Corrective measures taken; and

                     (F) Any information that may be necessary to review any recommendations for an appropriate adjustment in liquidated damages.

                (iii) If none of the conditions in paragraphs (d)(2)(i) or (ii) of this subsection are present, close the case and retain the report in the appropriate contract file.

                (iv) If substantial evidence is found that violations are willful and in violation of a criminal statute, (generally 18 U.S.C. 874 or 1001), forward the report (supplemented if necessary) to the Attorney General of the United States for prosecution if the facts warrant. Notify the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, when the report is forwarded for the Attorney General’s consideration.

      (e) Department of Labor investigations. The Department of Labor will furnish the contracting officer an enforcement report detailing violations found and any corrective action taken by the contractor, in investigations that disclose-

           (1) Underpayments totaling $1,000 or more;

           (2) Aggravated or willful violations (or, when the contracting officer believes that the contractor has disregarded its obligations to employees and subcontractors under the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute); or

           (3) Potential assessment of liquidated damages under the contract Work Hours and Safety Standards statute.

      (f) Other investigations. The Department of Labor will provide a letter summarizing the findings of the investigation to the contracting officer for all investigations that are not described in paragraph (e) of this subsection.


22.406-9 Withholding from or suspension of contract payments.

      (a) Withholding from contract payments. If the contracting officer believes a violation exists (see 22.406-8), or upon request of the Department of Labor, the contracting officer must withhold from payments due the contractor an amount equal to the estimated wage underpayment and estimated liquidated damages due the United States under the contract Work Hours and Safety Standards statute. (See 22.302.)

           (1) If the contracting officer believes a violation exists or upon request of the Department of Labor, the contracting officer must withhold funds from any current Federal contract or Federally assisted contract with the same prime contractor that is subject to either construction Wage Rate Requirements statute or contract Work Hours and Safety Standards statute requirements.

           (2) If a subsequent investigation confirms violations, the contracting officer must adjust the withholding as necessary. However, if the Department of Labor requested the withholding, the contracting officer must not reduce or release the withholding without written approval of the Department of Labor.

           (3) Use withheld funds as provided in paragraph (c) of this subsection to satisfy assessed liquidated damages, and unless the contractor makes restitution, validated wage underpayments.

      (b) suspension of contract payments. If a contractor or subcontractor fails or refuses to comply with the labor standards clauses of the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute and related statutes, the agency, upon its own action or upon the written request of the Department of Labor, must suspend any further payment, advance, or guarantee of funds until the violations cease or until the agency has withheld sufficient funds to compensate employees for back wages, and to cover any liquidated damages due.

      (c) Disposition of contract payments withheld or suspended-

(1) Forwarding wage underpayments to the Secretary of Labor. Upon final administrative determination, if the contractor or subcontractor has not made restitution, the contracting officer must follow the Department of Labor guidance published in Wage and Hour Division, All Agency Memorandum (AAM) No. 215, Streamlining Claims for Federal Contractor Employees Act. The AAM No. 215 can be obtained at http://www.dol.gov/whd/govcontracts/dbra.htm; under Guidance there is a link for All Agencies Memoranda (AAMs).

           (2) Returning of withheld funds to contractor. When funds withheld exceed the amount required to satisfy validated wage underpayments and assessed liquidated damages, return the funds to the contractor.

           (3) Limitation on returning funds. If the Department of Labor requested the withholding or if the findings are disputed (see 22.406-10(e)), the contracting officer must not return the funds to the contractor without approval by the Department of Labor.

           (4) Liquidated damages. Upon final administrative determination, the contracting officer must dispose of funds withheld or collected for liquidated damages in accordance with agency procedures.


22.406-10 Disposition of disputes concerning construction contract labor standards enforcement.

      (a) The areas of possible differences of opinion between Contracting officers and contractors in construction contract labor standards enforcement include-

           (1) Misclassification of workers;

           (2) Hours of work;

           (3) Wage rates and payment;

           (4) Payment of Overtime;

           (5) Withholding practices; and

           (6) The applicability of the labor standards requirements under varying circumstances.

      (b) Generally, these differences are settled administratively at the project level by the Contracting agency. If necessary, these differences may be settled with assistance from the Department of Labor.

      (c) When requesting the contractor to take corrective action in labor violation cases, the contracting officer shall inform the contractor of the following:

           (1) Disputes concerning the labor standards requirements of the contract are handled under the contract clause at 52.222-14, Disputes Concerning Labor Standards, and not under the clause at 52.233-1, Disputes.

           (2) The contractor may appeal the contracting officer’s findings or part thereof by furnishing the contracting officer a complete statement of the reasons for the disagreement with the findings.

      (d) The contracting officer shall promptly transmit the contracting officer’s findings and the contractor’s statement to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division.

      (e) The Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, will respond directly to the contractor or subcontractor, with a copy to the Contracting agency. The contractor or subcontractor may appeal the Administrator’s findings in accordance with the procedures outlined in Labor Department Regulations (29 CFR5.11). Hearings before administrative law judges are conducted in accordance with 29 CFR Part 6, and hearings before the Labor Department Administrative Review Board are conducted in accordance with 29 CFR Part 7.

      (f) The Administrator, Wage and Hour Division, may institute debarment proceedings against the contractor or subcontractor if the Administrator finds reasonable cause to believe that the contractor or subcontractor has committed willful or aggravated violations of the contract Work Hours and Safety Standards statute or the Copeland (Anti-Kickback) Act, or any of the applicable statutes listed in 29 CFR 5.1 other than the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute, or has committed violations of the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute that constitute a disregard of its obligations to employees or subcontractors under 40 U.S.C. 3144.


22.406-11 Contract terminations.

If a contract or subcontract is terminated for violation of the labor standards clauses, the Contracting agency shall submit a report to the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division. The report shall include-

      (a) The number of the terminated contract;

      (b) The name and address of the terminated contractor or subcontractor;

      (c) The name and address of the contractor or subcontractor, if any, who is to complete the work;

      (d) The amount and number of the replacement contract, if any; and

      (e) A description of the work.


22.406-12 Cooperation with the Department of Labor.

      (a) The Contracting agency shall cooperate with representatives of the Department of Labor in the inspection of records, interviews with workers, and all other aspects of investigations undertaken by the Department of Labor. When requested, the Contracting agency shall furnish to the Secretary of Labor any available information on contractors, subcontractors, current and previous contracts, and the nature of the contract work.

      (b) If a Department of Labor representative undertakes an investigation at a construction project, the contracting officer shall inquire into the scope of the investigation, and request to be notified immediately of any violations discovered under the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute, the contract Work Hours and Safety Standards statute, or the Copeland (Anti-Kickback) Act.


22.406-13 Semiannual enforcement reports.

A semiannual report on compliance with and enforcement of the construction labor standards requirements of the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute and contract Work Hours and Safety Standards statute is required from each Contracting agency. The reporting periods are October 1 through March 31 and April 1 through September 30. The reports shall only contain information as to the enforcement actions of the Contracting agency and shall be prepared as prescribed in Department of Labor memoranda and submitted to the Department of Labor within 30 days after the end of the reporting period. This report has been assigned interagency report control number 1482-DOL-SA.


22.407 Solicitation provision and contract clauses.

      (a) Insert the following clauses in solicitations and contracts in excess of $2,000 for construction within the United States:

           (1) 52.222-6, construction Wage Rate Requirements.

           (2) 52.222-7, Withholding of Funds.

           (3) 52.222-8, Payrolls and Basic Records.

           (4) 52.222-9, Apprentices and Trainees.

           (5) 52.222-10, Compliance with Copeland Act Requirements.

           (6) 52.222-11, Subcontracts (Labor Standards).

           (7) 52.222-12, contract Termination-debarment.

           (8) 52.222-13, Compliance with construction Wage Rate Requirements and Related Regulations.

           (9) 52.222-14, Disputes Concerning Labor Standards.

           (10) 52.222-15, Certification of Eligibility.

      (b) Insert the clause at 52.222-16, Approval of Wage Rates, in solicitations and contracts in excess of $2,000 for cost-reimbursement construction to be performed within the United States, except for contracts with a State or political subdivision thereof.

      (c) A contract that is not primarily for construction may contain a requirement for some construction work to be performed in the United States. If under 22.402(b) the requirements of this subpart apply to the construction work, insert in such solicitations and contracts the applicable construction labor standards clauses required in this section and identify the item or items of construction work to which the clauses apply.

      (d) [Reserved]

      (e) Insert the clause at 52.222-30, construction Wage Rate Requirements-Price Adjustment (None or Separately Specified Pricing Method), in solicitations and contracts if the contract is expected to be-

           (1) A fixed-price contract subject to the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute that will contain option provisions by which the contracting officer may extend the term of the contract, and the contracting officer determines the most appropriate contract price adjustment method is the method at 22.404-12(c)(1) or (2); or

           (2) A cost-reimbursable type contract subject to the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute that will contain option provisions by which the contracting officer may extend the term of the contract.

      (f) Insert the clause at 52.222-31, construction Wage Rate Requirements-Price Adjustment (Percentage Method), in solicitations and contracts if the contract is expected to be a fixed-price contract subject to the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute that will contain option provisions by which the contracting officer may extend the term of the contract, and the contracting officer determines the most appropriate contract price adjustment method is the method at 22.404-12(c)(3).

      (g) Insert the clause at 52.222-32, construction Wage Rate Requirements-Price Adjustment (Actual Method), in solicitations and contracts if the contract is expected to be a fixed-price contract subject to the construction Wage Rate Requirements statute that will contain option provisions by which the contracting officer may extend the term of the contract, and the contracting officer determines the most appropriate method to establish contract price is the method at 22.404-12(c)(4).

      (h) Insert the provision at 52.222-5, construction Wage Rate Requirements-Secondary Site of the Work, in solicitations in excess of $2,000 for construction within the United States.


Subpart 22.5 - Use of Project Labor Agreements for Federal Construction Projects


22.501 Scope of subpart.

This subpart prescribes policies and procedures to implement Executive Order 13502, February 6, 2009.


22.502 Definitions.

As used in this subpart-

Construction means Construction, rehabilitation, alteration, conversion, extension, repair, or improvement of buildings, highways, or other real property.

Labor organization means a Labor organization as defined in 29 U. S.C. 152(5).

Large-scale construction project means a Construction project where the total cost to the Federal Government is $25 million or more.

Project labor agreement means a pre-hire collective bargaining agreement with one or more labor organizations that establishes the terms and conditions of employment for a specific Construction project and is an agreement described in 29 U. S.C. 158(f).


22.503 Policy.

      (a) Project labor agreements are a tool that agencies may use to promote economy and efficiency in Federal procurement. Pursuant to Executive Order 13502, agencies are encouraged to consider requiring the use of project labor agreements in connection with large-scale construction projects.

      (b) An agency may, if appropriate, require that every contractor and subcontractor engaged in construction on the project agree, for that project, to negotiate or become a party to a project labor agreement with one or more labor organizations if the agency decides that the use of project labor agreements will-

           (1) Advance the Federal Government’s interest in achieving economy and efficiency in Federal procurement, producing labor-management stability, and ensuring compliance with laws and regulations governing safety and health, equal employment opportunity, labor and employment standards, and other matters; and

           (2) Be consistent with law.

      (c) Agencies may also consider the following factors in deciding whether the use of a project labor agreement is appropriate for the construction project:

           (1) The project will require multiple construction contractors and/or subcontractors employing workers in multiple crafts or trades.

           (2) There is a shortage of skilled labor in the region in which the construction project will be sited.

           (3) Completion of the project will require an extended period of time.

           (4) Project labor agreements have been used on comparable projects undertaken by Federal, State, municipal, or private entities in the geographic area of the project.

           (5) A project labor agreement will promote the agency’s long term program interests, such as facilitating the training of a skilled workforce to meet the agency’s future construction needs.

           (6) Any other factors that the agency decides are appropriate.


22.504 General requirements for project labor agreements.

      (a) General. Project labor agreements established under this subpart shall fully conform to all statutes, regulations, and Executive orders.

      (b) Requirements. The project labor agreement shall-

           (1) Bind all contractors and subcontractors engaged in construction on the construction project to comply with the project labor agreement;

           (2) Allow all contractors and subcontractors to compete for contracts and subcontracts without regard to whether they are otherwise parties to collective bargaining agreements;

           (3) Contain guarantees against strikes, lockouts, and similar job disruptions;

           (4) Set forth effective, prompt, and mutually binding procedures for resolving labor disputes arising during the term of the project labor agreement;

           (5) Provide other mechanisms for labor-management cooperation on matters of mutual interest and concern, including productivity, quality of work, safety, and health; and

           (6) Include any additional requirements as the agency deems necessary to satisfy its needs.

      (c) Terms and conditions. As appropriate to advance economy and efficiency in the procurement, an agency may specify the terms and conditions of the project labor agreement in the solicitation and require the successful offeror to become a party to a project labor agreement containing these terms and conditions as a condition of receiving a contract award. An agency may seek the views of, confer with, and exchange information with prospective bidders and union representatives as part of the agency's effort to identify appropriate terms and conditions of a project labor agreement for a particular construction project and facilitate agreement on those terms and conditions.


22.505 Solicitation provision and contract clause.

For acquisition of large-scale construction projects, if the agency decides pursuant to this subpart that a project labor agreement will be required, the contracting officer shall-

      (a) Insert the provision at 52.222-33, Notice of Requirement for Project Labor Agreement, in all solicitations associated with the construction project.

           (1) Use the provision with its Alternate I if the agency decides to require the submission of a project labor agreement from only the apparent successful offeror, prior to contract award.

           (2) Use the provision with its Alternate II if an agency allows submission of a project labor agreement after contract award.

      (b)

(1) Insert the clause at 52.222-34, Project Labor Agreement, in all solicitations and contracts associated with the construction project.

           (2) Use the clause with its Alternate I if an agency allows submission of the project labor agreement after contract award.


Subpart 22.6 - Contracts for Materials, Supplies, Articles, and Equipment


22.601 [Reserved]


22.602 Statutory requirements.

Except for the exemptions at 22.604, all contracts subject to 41 U.S.C.chapter 65, (the statute), and entered into by any executive department, independent establishment, or other agency or instrumentality of the United States, or by the District of Columbia, or by any corporation (all the stock of which is beneficially owned by the United States) for the manufacture or furnishing of materials, supplies, articles, and equipment (referred to in this subpart as supplies) in any amount exceeding $15,000, shall include or incorporate by reference the stipulations required by the statute pertaining to such matters as minimum wages, maximum hours, child labor, convict labor, and safe and sanitary working conditions.


22.603 Applicability.

The requirements in 22.602 apply to contracts (including for this purpose, indefinite-delivery contracts, basic ordering agreements, and blanket purchase agreements) and subcontracts under Section 8(a) of the Small Business Act, for the manufacture or furnishing of supplies that-

      (a) Will be performed in the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands;

      (b) Exceed or may exceed $15,000; and

      (c) Are not exempt under 22.604.


22.604 Exemptions.


22.604-1 Statutory exemptions.

Contracts for acquisition of the following supplies are exempt from the statute:

      (a) Any item in those situations where the contracting officer is authorized by the express language of a statute to purchase "in the open market" generally (such as commercial items, see part  12); or where a specific purchase is made under the conditions described in 6.302-2 in circumstances where immediate delivery is required by the public exigency.

      (b) Perishables, including dairy, livestock, and nursery products.

      (c) Agricultural or farm products processed for first sale by the original producers.

      (d) Agricultural commodities or the products thereof purchased under contract by the Secretary of Agriculture.


22.604-2 Regulatory exemptions.

      (a) Contracts for the following acquisitions are fully exempt from the statute (see 41 CFR50-201.603):

           (1) Public utility services.

           (2) supplies manufactured outside the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

           (3) Purchases against the account of a defaulting contractor where the stipulations of the statute were not included in the defaulted contract.

           (4) Newspapers, magazines, or periodicals, contracted for with sales agents or publisher representatives, which are to be delivered by the publishers thereof.

      (b)

(1) Upon the request of the agency head, the Secretary of Labor may exempt specific contracts or classes of contracts from the inclusion or application of one or more of the Act’s stipulations; provided, that the request includes a finding by the agency head stating the reasons why the conduct of Government business will be seriously impaired unless the exemption is granted.

           (2) Those requests for exemption that relate solely to safety and health standards shall be transmitted to the-

          Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health U.S. Department of Labor Washington, DC 202 l0.

          All other requests shall be transmitted to the-

          Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division U.S. Department of Labor Washington, DC 202 l0.


22.605 Rulings and interpretations of the statute.

      (a) As authorized by the Act, the Secretary of Labor has issued rulings and interpretations concerning the administration of the statute (see 41 CFR50-206). The substance of certain rulings and interpretations is as follows:

           (1) If a contract for $15,000 or less is subsequently modified to exceed $15,000, the contract becomes subject to the statute for work performed after the date of the modification.

           (2) If a contract for more than $15,000 is subsequently modified by mutual agreement to $15,000 or less, the contract is not subject to the statute for work performed after the date of the modification.

           (3) If a contract awarded to a prime contractor contains a provision whereby the prime contractor is made an agent of the Government, the prime contractor is required to include the stipulations of the statute in contracts in excess of $15,000 awarded for and on behalf of the Government for supplies that are to be used in the construction and equipment of Government facilities.

           (4) If a contract subject to the statute is awarded to a contractor operating Government-owned facilities, the stipulations of the statute affect the employees of that contractor the same as employees of contractors operating privately owned facilities.

           (5) Indefinite-delivery contracts, including basic ordering agreements and blanket purchase agreements, are subject to the statute unless it can be determined in advance that the aggregate amount of all orders estimated to be placed thereunder for 1 year after the effective date of the agreement will not exceed $15,000. A determination shall be made annually thereafter if the contract or agreement is extended, and the contract or agreement modified if necessary.

      (b) [Reserved]


22.606 [Reserved]


22.607 [Reserved]


22.608 Procedures.

      (a) Award. When a contract subject to the statute is awarded, the contracting officer, in accordance with regulations or instructions issued by the Secretary of Labor and individual agency procedures, shall furnish to the contractor DOL publication WH-1313, Notice to Employees Working on Government Contracts.

      (b) Breach of stipulation. In the event of a violation of a stipulation required under the statute, the contracting officer shall, in accordance with agency procedures, notify the appropriate regional office of the DOL, Wage and Hour Division (see 29 CFR Part 1, Appendix B), and furnish any information available.


22.609 [Reserved]


22.610 Contract clause.

The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.222-20, Contracts for Materials, supplies, Articles, and Equipment, in solicitations and contracts covered by the statute (see 22.603, 22.604, and 22.605).


Subpart 22.7 - [Reserved]


Subpart 22.8 - Equal Employment Opportunity


22.800 Scope of subpart.

This subpart prescribes policies and procedures pertaining to nondiscrimination in employment by contractors and subcontractors.


22.801 Definitions.

As used in this subpart-

Affirmative action program means a contractor’s program that complies with Department of Labor regulations to ensure equal opportunity in employment to minorities and women.

Compliance evaluation means any one or combination of actions that the Office of Federal contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) may take to examine a Federal contractor’s compliance with one or more of the requirements of E.O.11246.

contractor includes the terms "prime contractor" and "subcontractor."

Deputy Assistant Secretary means the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Federal contract Compliance, U.S. Department of Labor, or a designee.

Equal Opportunity clause means the clause at 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity, as prescribed in 22.810(e).

E.O.11246 means PartsII and IV of Executive Order11246, September 24,1965 (30 FR12319), and any Executive order amending or superseding this order (see 22.802). This term specifically includes the Equal Opportunity clause at 52.222-26, and the rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to E.O.11246 by the Secretary of Labor or a designee.

Gender identity has the meaning given by the Department of Labor’s Office of Federal contract Compliance Programs, and is found at www.dol.gov/ofccp/LGBT/LGBT_FAQs.html.

prime contractor means any person who holds, or has held, a Government contract subject to E.O.11246.

Recruiting and training agency means any person who refers workers to any contractor or provides or supervises apprenticeship or training for employment by any contractor.

Sexual orientation has the meaning given by the Department of Labor’s Office of Federal contract Compliance Programs, and is found at www.dol.gov/ofccp/LGBT/LGBT_FAQs.html.

Site of construction means the general physical location of any building, highway, or other change or improvement to real property that is undergoing construction, rehabilitation, alteration, conversion, extension, demolition, or repair; and any temporary location or facility at which a contractor or other participating party meets a demand or performs a function relating to a Government contract or subcontract.

subcontract means any agreement or arrangement between a contractor and any person (in which the parties do not stand in the relationship of an employer and an employee)-

           (1) For the purchase, sale, or use of personal property or nonpersonal services that, in whole or in part, are necessary to the performance of any one or more contracts; or

           (2) Under which any portion of the contractor’s obligation under any one or more contracts is performed, undertaken, or assumed.

           subcontractor means any person who holds, or has held, a subcontract subject to E.O.11246. The term "first-tier subcontractor" means a subcontractor holding a subcontract with a prime contractor.

           United States means the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Wake Island.


22.802 General.

      (a) Executive Order 11246, as amended, sets forth the Equal Opportunity clause and requires that all agencies-

           (1) Include this clause in all nonexempt contracts and subcontracts (see 22.807); and

           (2) Act to ensure compliance with the clause and the regulations of the Secretary of Labor-

                (i) To promote the full realization of equal employment opportunity for all persons, regardless of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or national origin; and

                (ii) To prohibit contractors from discharging, or in any other manner discriminating against, any employee or applicant for employment because the employee or applicant inquired about, discussed, or disclosed the compensation of the employee or applicant or another employee or applicant. This prohibition against discrimination does not apply to instances in which an employee who has access to the compensation information of other employees or applicants as a part of such employee's essential job functions discloses the compensation of such other employees or applicants to individuals who do not otherwise have access to such information, unless such disclosure is in response to a formal complaint or charge, in furtherance of an investigation, proceeding, hearing, or action, including an investigation conducted by the employer, or is consistent with the contractor's legal duty to furnish information.

      (b) No contract or modification involving new acquisition shall be entered into, and no subcontract shall be approved by a contracting officer, with a person who has been found ineligible by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for reasons of noncompliance with the requirements of E.O.11246.

      (c) No contracting officer or contractor shall contract for supplies or services in a manner so as to avoid applicability of the requirements of E.O.11246.

      (d) Contractor disputes related to compliance with its obligation shall be handled according to the rules, regulations, and relevant orders of the Secretary of Labor (see 41 CFR60-1.1).


22.803 Responsibilities.

      (a) The Secretary of Labor is responsible for the-

           (1) Administration and enforcement of prescribed parts of E.O.11246; and

           (2) Adoption of rules and regulations and the issuance of orders necessary to achieve the purposes of E.O.11246.

      (b) The Secretary of Labor has delegated authority and assigned responsibility to the Deputy Assistant Secretary for carrying out the responsibilities assigned to the Secretary by E.O.11246, except for the issuance of rules and regulations of a general nature.

      (c) The head of each agency is responsible for ensuring that the requirements of this subpart are carried out within the agency, and for cooperating with and assisting the OFCCP in fulfilling its responsibilities.

      (d) In the event the applicability of E.O.11246 and implementing regulations is questioned, the contracting officer shall forward the matter to the Deputy Assistant Secretary, through agency channels, for resolution.


22.804 Affirmative action programs.


22.804-1 Nonconstruction.

Except as provided in 22.807, each nonconstruction prime contractor and each subcontractor with 50 or more employees and either a contract or subcontract of $50,000 or more, or Government bills of lading that in any 12-month period total, or can reasonably be expected to total, $50,000 or more, is required to develop a written affirmative action program for each of its establishments. Each contractor and subcontractor shall develop its written affirmative action programs within 120 days from the commencement of its first such Government contract, subcontract, or Government bill of lading.


22.804-2 Construction.

      (a) construction contractors that hold a nonexempt (see 22.807) Government construction contract are required to meet-

           (1) The contract terms and conditions citing affirmative action requirements applicable to covered geographical areas or projects; and

           (2) Applicable requirements of 41 CFR60-1 and 60–4.

      (b) Each agency shall maintain a listing of covered geographical areas that are subject to affirmative action requirements that specify goals for minorities and women in covered construction trades. Information concerning, and additions to, this listing will be provided to the principally affected Contracting officers in accordance with agency procedures. Any contracting officer contemplating a construction project in excess of $10,000 within a geographic area not known to be covered by specific affirmative action goals shall request instructions on the most current information from the OFCCP regional office, or as otherwise specified in agency regulations, before issuing the solicitation.

      (c) Contracting officers shall give written notice to the OFCCP regional office within 10 working days of award of a construction contract subject to these affirmative action requirements. The notification shall include the name, address, and telephone number of the contractor; employer identification number; dollar amount of the contract; estimated starting and completion dates of the contract; the contract number; and the geographical area in which the contract is to be performed. When requested by the OFCCP regional office, the contracting officer shall arrange a conference among contractor, contracting activity, and compliance personnel to discuss the contractor’s compliance responsibilities.


22.805 Procedures.

      (a) Preaward clearances for contracts and subcontracts of $10 million or more (excluding construction).

(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (a)(4) and (a)(8) of this section, if the estimated amount of the contract or subcontract is $10 million or more, the contracting officer shall request clearance from the appropriate OFCCP regional office before-

                (i) Award of any contract, including any indefinite delivery contract or letter contract; or

                (ii) Modification of an existing contract for new effort that would constitute a contract award.

           (2) Preaward clearance for each proposed contract and for each proposed first-tier subcontract of $10 million or more shall be requested by the contracting officer directly from the OFCCP regional office(s). Verbal requests shall be confirmed by letter or facsimile transmission.

           (3) When the contract work is to be performed outside the United States with employees recruited within the United States, the contracting officer shall send the request for a preaward clearance to the OFCCP regional office serving the area where the proposed contractor’s corporate home or branch office is located in the United States, or the corporate location where personnel recruiting is handled, if different from the contractor’s corporate home or branch office. If the proposed contractor has no corporate office or location within the United States, the preaward clearance request action should be based on the location of the recruiting and training agency in the United States.

           (4) The contracting officer does not need to request a preaward clearance if-

                (i) The specific proposed contractor is listed in OFCCP’s National Preaward Registry via the Internet at https://www.dol.gov/agencies/ofccp/pre-award/registry;

                (ii) The projected award date is within 24 months of the proposed contractor’s Notice of Compliance completion date in the Registry; and

                (iii) The contracting officer documents the Registry review in the contract file.

           (5) The contracting officer shall include the following information in the preaward clearance request:

                (i) Name, address, and telephone number of the prospective contractor and of any corporate affiliate at which work is to be performed.

                (ii) Name, address, and telephone number of each proposed first-tier subcontractor with a proposed subcontract estimated at $10 million or more.

                (iii) Anticipated date of award.

                (iv) Information as to whether the contractor and first-tier subcontractors have previously held any Government contracts or subcontracts.

                (v) Place or places of performance of the prime contract and first-tier subcontracts estimated at $10 million or more, if known.

                (vi) The estimated dollar amount of the contract and each first-tier subcontract, if known.

           (6) The contracting officer shall allow as much time as feasible before award for the conduct of necessary compliance evaluation by OFCCP. As soon as the apparently successful offeror can be determined, the contracting officer shall process a preaward clearance request in accordance with agency procedures, assuring, if possible, that the preaward clearance request is submitted to the OFCCP regional office at least 30 days before the proposed award date.

           (7) Within 15 days of the clearance request, OFCCP will inform the awarding agency of its intention to conduct a preaward compliance evaluation. If OFCCP does not inform the awarding agency within that period of its intention to conduct a preaward compliance evaluation, clearance shall be presumed and the awarding agency is authorized to proceed with the award. If OFCCP informs the awarding agency of its intention to conduct a preaward compliance evaluation, OFCCP shall be allowed an additional 20 days after the date that it so informs the awarding agency to provide its conclusions. If OFCCP does not provide the awarding agency with its conclusions within that period, clearance shall be presumed and the awarding agency is authorized to proceed with the award.

           (8) If the procedures specified in paragraphs (a)(6) and (a)(7) of this section would delay award of an urgent and critical contract beyond the time necessary to make award or beyond the time specified in the offer or extension thereof, the contracting officer shall immediately inform the OFCCP regional office of the expiration date of the offer or the required date of award and request clearance be provided before that date. If the OFCCP regional office advises that a preaward evaluation cannot be completed by the required date, the contracting officer shall submit written justification for the award to the head of the contracting activity, who, after informing the OFCCP regional office, may then approve the award without the preaward clearance. If an award is made under this authority, the contracting officer shall immediately request a postaward evaluation from the OFCCP regional office.

           (9) If, under the provisions of paragraph (a)(8) of this section, a postaward evaluation determines the contractor to be in noncompliance with E.O.11246, the Deputy Assistant Secretary may authorize the use of the enforcement procedures at 22.809 against the noncomplying contractor.

      (b) Furnishing posters. The contracting officer shall furnish to the contractor appropriate quantities of the poster entitled "Equal Employment Opportunity Is The Law." These shall be obtained in accordance with agency procedures.


22.806 Inquiries.

      (a) An inquiry from a contractor regarding status of its compliance with E.O.11246, or rights of appeal to any of the actions in 22.809, shall be referred to the OFCCP regional office.

      (b) Labor union inquiries regarding the revision of a collective bargaining agreement in order to comply with E.O.11246 shall be referred to the Deputy Assistant Secretary.


22.807 Exemptions.

      (a) Under the following exemptions, all or part of the requirements of E.O.11246 may be excluded from a contract subject to E.O.11246:

           (1) National security. The agency head may determine that a contract is essential to the national security and that the award of the contract without complying with one or more of the requirements of this subpart is necessary to the national security. Upon making such a determination, the agency shall notify the Deputy Assistant Secretary in writing within 30 days.

           (2) Specific contracts. The Deputy Assistant Secretary may exempt an agency from requiring the inclusion of one or more of the requirements of E.O.11246 in any contract if the Deputy Assistant Secretary deems that special circumstances in the national interest so require. Groups or categories of contracts of the same type may also be exempted if the Deputy Assistant Secretary finds it impracticable to act upon each request individually or if group exemptions will contribute to convenience in the administration of E.O.11246.

      (b) The following exemptions apply even though a contract or subcontract contains the Equal Opportunity clause:

           (1) Transactions of $10,000 or less. The Equal Opportunity clause is required to be included in prime contracts and subcontracts by 22.802(a). Individual prime contracts or subcontracts of $10,000 or less are exempt from application of the Equal Opportunity clause, unless the aggregate value of all prime contracts or subcontracts awarded to a contractor in any 12-month period exceeds, or can reasonably be expected to exceed, $10,000. (Note: Government bills of lading, regardless of amount, are not exempt.)

           (2) Work outside the United States. Contracts are exempt from the requirements of E.O.11246 for work performed outside the United States by employees who were not recruited within the United States.

           (3) Contracts with State or local governments. The requirements of E.O.11246 in any contract with a State or local government (or any agency, instrumentality, or subdivision thereof) shall not be applicable to any agency, instrumentality, or subdivision of such government that does not participate in work on or under the contract.

           (4) Work on or near Indian reservations. It shall not be a violation of E.O.11246 for a contractor to extend a publicly announced preference in employment to Indians living on or near an Indian reservation in connection with employment opportunities on or near an Indian reservation. This applies to that area where a person seeking employment could reasonably be expected to commute to and from in the course of a work day. Contractors extending such a preference shall not, however, discriminate among Indians on the basis of religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or tribal affiliation, and the use of such preference shall not excuse a contractor from complying with E.O.11246, rules and regulations of the Secretary of Labor, and applicable clauses in the contract.

           (5) Facilities not connected with contracts. The Deputy Assistant Secretary may exempt from the requirements of E.O.11246 any of a contractor’s facilities that the Deputy Assistant Secretary finds to be in all respects separate and distinct from activities of the contractor related to performing the contract, provided, that the Deputy Assistant Secretary also finds that the exemption will not interfere with, or impede the effectiveness of, E.O.11246.

           (6) Indefinite-quantity contracts. With respect to indefinite-quantity contracts and subcontracts, the Equal Opportunity clause applies unless the contracting officer has reason to believe that the amount to be ordered in any year under the contract will not exceed $10,000. The applicability of the Equal Opportunity clause shall be determined by the contracting officer at the time of award for the firstyear, and annually thereafter for succeeding years, if any. Notwithstanding the above, the Equal Opportunity clause shall be applied to the contract whenever the amount of a single order exceeds $10,000. Once the Equal Opportunity clause is determined to be applicable, the contract shall continue to be subject to such clause for its duration regardless of the amounts ordered, or reasonably expected to be ordered, in anyyear.

           (7) Contracts with religious entities. Pursuant to E.O. 13279, Section 202 of E.O. 11246, shall not apply to a Government contractor or subcontractor that is a religious corporation, association, educational institution, or society, with respect to the employment of individuals of a particular religion to perform work connected with the carrying on by such corporation, association, educational institution, or society of its activities. Such contractors and subcontractors are not exempted or excused from complying with the other requirements contained in the order.

      (c) To request an exemption under paragraph (a)(2) or (b)(5) of this section, the contracting officer shall submit, under agency procedures, a detailed justification for omitting all, or part of, the requirements of E.O.11246. Requests for exemptions under paragraph (a)(2) or (b)(5) of this section shall be submitted to the Deputy Assistant Secretary for approval.

      (d) The Deputy Assistant Secretary may withdraw the exemption for a specific contract, or group of contracts, if the Deputy Assistant Secretary deems that such action is necessary and appropriate to achieve the purposes of E.O.11246. Such withdrawal shall not apply-

           (1) To contracts awarded before the withdrawal; or

           (2) To any sealed bid contract (including restricted sealed bidding), unless the withdrawal is made more than 10 days before the bid opening date.


22.808 Complaints.

Complaints received by the contracting officer alleging violation of the requirements of E.O.11246 shall be referred immediately to the OFCCP regional office. The complainant shall be advised in writing of the referral. The contractor that is the subject of a complaint shall not be advised in any manner or for any reason of the complainant’s name, the nature of the complaint, or the fact that the complaint was received.


22.809 Enforcement.

Upon written notification to the contracting officer, the Deputy Assistant Secretary may direct one or more of the following actions, as well as administrative sanctions and penalties, be taken against contractors found to be in violation of E.O. 11246, the regulations of the Secretary of Labor, or the applicable contract clauses:

      (a) Publication of the names of the contractor or its unions.

      (b) Cancellation, termination, or suspension of the contractor’s contracts or portion thereof.

      (c) debarment from future Government contracts, or extensions or modifications of existing contracts, until the contractor has established and carried out personnel and employment policies in compliance with E.O.11246 and the regulations of the Secretary of Labor.

      (d) Referral by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of any matter arising under E.O.11246 to the Department of Justice or to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) for the institution of appropriate civil or criminal proceedings.


22.810 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

      (a) When a contract is contemplated that will include the clause at 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity, the contracting officer shall insert-

           (1) The clause at 52.222-21, Prohibition of Segregated Facilities, in the solicitation and contract; and

           (2) The provision at 52.222-22, Previous Contracts and Compliance Reports, in the solicitation.

      (b) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 52.222-23, Notice of Requirement for Affirmative Action to Ensure Equal Employment Opportunity for construction, in solicitations for construction when a contract is contemplated that will include the clause at 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity, and the amount of the contract is expected to be in excess of $10,000.

      (c) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 52.222-24, Preaward On-Site Equal Opportunity Compliance Evaluation, in solicitations other than those for construction when a contract is contemplated that will include the clause at 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity, and the amount of the contract is expected be $10 million or more.

      (d) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 52.222-25, Affirmative Action Compliance, in solicitations, other than those for construction, when a contract is contemplated that will include the clause at 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity.

      (e) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity, in solicitations and contracts (see 22.802) unless the contract is exempt from all of the requirements of E.O.11246 (see 22.807(a)). If the contract is exempt from one or more, but not all, of the requirements of E.O.11246, the contracting officer shall use the clause with its Alternate I.

      (f) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.222-27, Affirmative Action Compliance Requirements for construction, in solicitations and contracts for construction that will include the clause at 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity, when the amount of the contract is expected to be in excess of $10,000.

      (g) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.222-29, Notification of Visa Denial, in contracts that will include the clause at 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity, if the contractor is required to perform in or on behalf of a foreign country.


Subpart 22.9 - Nondiscrimination Because of Age


22.901 Policy.

Executive Order11141, February 12,1964 (29 FR2477), states that the Government policy is as follows:

      (a) Contractors and subcontractors shall not, in connection with employment, advancement, or discharge of employees, or the terms, conditions, or privileges of their employment, discriminate against persons because of their age except upon the basis of a bona fide occupational qualification, retirement plan, or statutory requirement.

      (b) Contractors and subcontractors, or persons acting on their behalf, shall not specify in solicitations or advertisements for employees to work on Government contracts, a maximum age limit for employment unless the specified maximum age limit is based upon a bona fide occupational qualification, retirement plan, or statutory requirement.

      (c) Agencies will bring this policy to the attention of contractors. The use of contract clauses is not required.


22.902 Handling complaints.

Agencies shall bring complaints regarding a contractor’s compliance with this policy to that contractor’s attention (in writing, if appropriate), stating the policy, indicating that the contractor’s compliance has been questioned, and requesting that the contractor take any appropriate steps that may be necessary to comply.


Subpart 22.10 - Service Contract Labor Standards


22.1000 Scope of subpart.

This subpart prescribes policies and procedures implementing the provisions of 41 U.S.C.chapter 67, Service Contract Labor Standards (formerly known as the Service Contract Act of 1965), the applicable provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (29 U.S.C.201, etseq.), and related Secretary of Labor regulations and instructions (29 CFR parts 4, 6, 8, and 1925).


22.1001 Definitions.

As used in this subpart-

Contractor includes a subcontractor at any tier whose subcontract is subject to the provisions of the statute.

Multiple year contracts means contracts having a term of more than 1 year regardless of fiscal year funding. The term includes multi year contracts (see 17.103).

United States means the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Johnston Island, Wake Island, and the outer Continental Shelf as defined in the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C.1331, etseq.), but does not include any other place subject to U.S. jurisdiction or any U.S. base or possession within a foreign country (29 CFR 4.112).

Wage and Hour Division means the unit in the Department of Labor to which is assigned functions of the Secretary of Labor under the Service Contract Labor Standards statute.

Wage determination means a determination of minimum wages or fringe benefits made under